HS LIBRARY OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY BOSTON 102 9 2 9 YEAR BOOK OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY WITH THE ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1923 J Foreword The Committee on Lectures and Publications have the honor to present the sixth number of the Society's Year Book with which is combined the Annual Re- port for the year 1928. E. H. Wilson, Chairman. Boston, Mass., February 25, 1929. Table of Contents Foreword 3 Officers for 1929 9 Committees and Judges for 1929 11 The Centenary of the Massachusetts Horticultural So- ciety . 13 Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1928 .... 20 George Robert White Medal Award 29 Gardens for Which Awards Were Made in 1928 ... 33 Exhibitions of the Centennial Year 1929 .... 42 Annuals for the Home Garden 43 The Library, 1829-1929 . . 53 Garden Clubs in Massachusetts 57 The Special Centennial Medal .62 Gifts to the Library 63 Library Accessions 64 Periodicals Currently Received 1928 70 Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission . . 74 The Inaugural Meeting 79 The President's Inaugural Message 79 Report of the Secretary 82 Report of the Treasurer .87 Report of the Committee on the Library .... 90 Products of Children's Gardens 91 Report of the Committee on Prizes 93 Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications 95 Report of the Committee on Exhibitions .... 98 Membership in the Massachusetts Horticultural Society . 100 Necrology . 101 Honorary Members 102 Corresponding Members 102 New Members in 1928 105 List of Illustrations Mr. Robert G. Stone 8 Mr. G. Peabody Gardner, Jr. 10 General H. A. S. Dearborn 12 The Original Horticultural Hall in Boston, Erected 1845 14 The Second Horticultural Hall in Boston, Erected 1863 . 15 The Present Horticultural Hall in Boston, Erected 1900 . 16 The Present Library of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 18 Mr. E. G. Hill, Awarded Thomas Roland Medal . . .23 Mr. T. D. Hatfield, Awarded Jackson Dawson Medal . 23 Colonel William Boyce Thompson 30 Perennial Garden on Estate of Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Crane, Jr. . . . . 32 Pool in the Perennial Garden on the Crane Estate . . 34 The Beautiful Rose Garden on the Crane Estate ... 35 Wooded Path on the Estate of Mr. and Mrs. Clement S. Houghton 37 A Corner in the Garden of Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Abbott 39 A Part of the Garden of Mr. and Mrs. Moses Lyman . 40 Swe'et Peas Among the Most Useful Annuals ... 45 Frontispiece of a Rare Book in the Horticultural Society Library 52 The Centennial Medal 62 Tropical Garden of Mr. Albert C. Burrage, Which Re- ceived the Garden Club of America's Award . . 78 Winning Still Life Picture at the Spring Show in Boston 83 The New Tree Peony "Argosy" Shown by Professor A. P. Saunders at the American Peony Exhibition . 92 Exhibition of the New England Gladiolus Society in Boston 97 Mr. Robert G. Stone Elected a Trustee in 1928 Massachusetts Horticultural Society OFFICERS FOR 1929 President ALBERT C. BURRAGE, of Boston Vice-Presidents OAKES AMES, of North Easton EDWIN S. WEBSTER, of Boston Treasurer JOHN S. AMES, of North Easton Secretary EDWARD I. FARRINGTON, of Weymouth Trustees JOHN S. AMES, of North Easton OAKES AMES, of North Easton FRANCIS H. APPLETON, OF Boston ALBERT C. BURRAGE, OF BOSTON ROBERT CAMERON, of Ipswich MISS MARIAN R. CASE, of Weston HOWARD COONLEY, of Readville MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY, of Boston WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT, of Boston MRS. HOMER GAGE, of Worcester G. PEABODY GARDNER, Jr., of Brookline WALTER HUNNEWELL, of Wellesley NATHANIEL T. KIDDER, of Milton ARTHUR LYMAN, of Boston THOMAS ROLAND, of Nahant ' ROBERT G. STONE, of Brookline MRS. BAYARD THAYER, of South Lancaster GEORGE C. THURLOW, of West Newbury LORING UNDERWOOD, of Belmont HENRY P. WALCOTT, of Cambridge EDWIN S. WEBSTER, of Boston ERNEST H. WILSON, of Jamaica Plain FRED A. WILSON, of Nahant 9 Mr. G. Peabody Gardner, Jr. Elected a Trustee in 1928 COMMITTEES AND JUDGES FOR 1929 Executive Committee ALBERT C. BL'RRAGE, Chairman JOHN S. AMES OAKES AMES MRS. BAYARD THAYER EDWIN S. WEBSTER Finance Committee ALBERT C. BURRAGE, Chairman JOHN S. AMES EDWIN S. WEBSTER Membership Committee ARTHUR LYMAN, Chairman ROBERT STONE GEORGE G. THURLOW Committee on Prizes ERNEST H. WILSON, Chairman JAMES MARLBOROUGH THOMAS ROLAND Committee on Exhibitions THOMAS ROLAND, Chairman HOWARD COONLEY ERNEST H. WILSON WILLIAM N. CRAIG HARLAN P. KELSEY Committee on Library NATHANIEL T. KIDDER, Chairman JOHN S. AMES MRS, BAYARD THAYER Committee on Lectures and Publications ERNEST H. WILSON Chairman HOWARD COONLEY ROBERT CAMERON Committee on Building ALBERT 0. BURRAGE, Chairman JOHN S. AMES FRED A. WILSON Committee on Gardens MRS. HOMER GAGE, Chairman WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT WALTER HUNNEWELL MRS. F. B. CROWNINSHIELD MRS.. S. V. R. CROSBY Committee on George Robert White Medal of Honor OAKES AMES Chairman MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT Committee on Children's Gardens MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE, Chairman D. W. O'BRIEN MRS. LEWIS A. ELLIOTT Judges of Plants and Flowers WILLIAM ANDERSON, Chairman SAMUEL J. GODDARD DONALD McKENZIE WILLIAM H. JUDD GEORGE F. STEWART Judges of Fruits JAMES METHVEN, Chairman WALTER G. KENDALL ANDREW K. ROGERS Judges of Vegetables EDWARD PARKER, Chairman PAUL P. MAILLARD RAY M. KOON 11 General H. A. S. Dearborn The First President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society The Centenary of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society* Just 100 years ago a little company of Boston men were holding occasional meetings in the down-town district to consider the formation of a horticultural society. Most of these men were prominent in the business affairs of the city but they were interested also in gardens and in gardening, and particularly in the growing of fruits. Their discussion came to a head on February 24, 1829, when a preliminary meeting was held and largely attended. On March 17, the formal organization took place and on March 19, of this year, the hundredth anniversary of this society will be celebrated by a Centennial Flower Exhibition at Mechanics Building ; this building has been chosen because Horticultural Hall, large as it is, is far too small to house this great exhibition, which will be the outstanding event of the year. One hundred years ago Boston had a population of but 60,000 persons. It had been an incorporated city for only seven years, but it had several fine estates as well as many gardens. Pennsylvania already had a horticultural society — formed two years previously — a society which still is, as all know, a prosperous and influential organization. It is the only existent horticultural society which antedates that of Massachusetts. - There was a keen desire on the part of those interested in the new society to exhibit the products of their gardens, notwithstanding that the amount of material available was exceedingly limited compared with that of today. At that time the Concord grape had not been originated ; neither had such pears as Clapp's Favorite and Dana Hovey. The only squash known was a crookneck and tomatoes w T ere looked upon as poisonous weeds. Many of the flowers now in common cultivation were still undreamed of then. Plant hunters were already at work, how- ever, both in the Far East and on this continent, and for the next half century a flood of new plant material poured in upon garden makers, with a distinctly stimulating effect. Many of these new plants were shown on the tables of the *From "Horticulture," January 1, 1929. 13 14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY The Original Horticultural Hall in Boston, Erected in 1845 Massachusetts Horticultural Society for the first time. Robert Fortune, the English plant hunter, was bringing back such valuable subjects as Weigela rosea, Fortune's yellow rose, Anemone japonica, Forsythia viridissima, the white wisteria, Jasminum nudiflorum, Azalea amoena and the common bleed- ing heart (Dielytra spectabilis). This latter plant, which did not reach America until about 1850, was exhibited for the CENTENARY OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 15 The Second Horticultural Hall in Boston, Erected in 1863 Massachusetts Horticultural Society two years later and created little less than a sensation. General H. A. S. Dearborn of Roxbury was the first presi- dent of the newly organized society, which was ambitious from the first and soon found itself the owner of a cemetery and a test garden, both in Cambridge. The cemetery was Mt. Auburn where now sleep many of the country's most illustrious dead, CENTENARY OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 17 including the late Henry Cabot Lodge. It was the first public cemetery in America and has been the pattern for all those which have come up since. Up to that time cemeteries had invariably been laid out in the shadow of a church or within the confines of a city. The management of the cemetery soon became a major financial undertaking, however, and interfered seriously with the society's own activities. After a few years, therefore, a separation was made, but with the provision that one-fourth the receipts for lots sold should accrue to the parent organiza- tion. That very favorable arrangement has been continued until the present day, with the result that several hundred thousand dollars have been received by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society from the Mt. Auburn Cemetery Asso- ciation. The test garden was soon abandoned, too, and thereafter the society devoted itself strictly to the purposes for which it was originally formed. The society's early exhibitions were held in various small halls and in an effort to find more spacious accommodations it was decided to use a tent on Boston Common. These tent shows were conducted for three consecutive Summers but the uncertainty of the weather led to their abandonment. Two other shows in tents have been held in more recent years, one a financial success and one, due again to inclement weather, a financial failure. Some of the first public meetings were held in Faneuil Hall, but the need of a home for the growing society became so acute that in 1845 a Horticultural Hall located on School Street and costing $40,000 was erected. This hall was out- grown in a few years and sold for $90,000, giving a profit which allowed the construction of a second Horticultural Hall on Trement Street which, in its day, was one of the show spots of the city. This building cost $240,000 and was adorned with huge granite statues representing Ceres, Pomona and Flora. The society carried on its activities in this building for 35 years before the necessity for a still larger hall brought about the erection of the present building, which is valued at at least a million dollars and is rivaled only by the new building of the Royal Horticultural Society in London. CENTENARY OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 19 Many of those who visit this hall only to see its exhibitions do not realize the many other activities carried on. Yet they are always welcome on the upper floor, where they will find the largest horticultural library in America and ' one of the most complete in the world. This library is open to the public daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. except on Sundays and holidays, although only members can take books away. Both the secre- tary's office and the editorial office of Horticulture are located on the same floor. Horticultural Hall is the center of the horti- cultural activities of eastern Massachusetts, most of the vari- ous horticultural organizations holding their meetings there. The presidents' gallery is one of the interesting features of the building, offering in itself an important historical back- ground, for in this gallery are the portraits of the first presi- dent, General Dearborn, and many other men who have had an active part in the society's work down through the century, including Marshall P. Wilder, who was president for eight years, Joseph Breck, Charles M. Hovey, Francis B. Hayes, Arthur F. Estabrook, H. Hollis Hunnewell, John K. M. L. Farquhar, General Francis Appleton, Dr. Henry P. Walcott and Nathaniel T. Kidder. Several other men equally prom- inent are not yet represented. They include John Lowell, Professor Charles S. Sargent, William C. Endicott, Francis Parkman, the famous historian, and the present president, Albert C. Burrage, who has now entered upon his ninth term, serving for a longer period than any other president in the history of the society. Like all organizations the Massachusetts Horticultural So- ciety has had periods of growth and periods of stagnation. Under the direction of Mr. Burrage it has advanced to such an extent that it now has the largest membership in its history, a total of over 5,000. The society has been active in promoting every phase of horticulture. It had much to do in establishing the movement for children's gardens. It has assisted in the introduction of many new flowers, plants and fruits and has contributed consistently to the horticultural literature of the country. In- deed, its history is interwoven with that of American horti- culture and it has striven through all the years to justify the inscription "Commune Bonum" which appears on its seal, and to be of the widest possible service to all. Medals and Certificates The following is a list of medals and certificates awarded by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society in the year 1928 : George Robert White Medal of Honor William Boyce Thompson, Yonkers, N. Y., for eminent service in horticulture. Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal T. D. Hatfield, Wellesley, Mass., originator and propagator of woody plants. Thomas Roland Medal E. G. Hill, Richmond, Ind., skilful originator and grower of Roses. Gold Medal of the Horticultural Society of New York Mrs. Homer Gage, for a Spring bulb garden, March 20, 1928. Gold Medal of The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Thomas Roland, for a display of Acacias, March 20, 1928. William B. H. Dowse Trophy Cup William H. Vanderbilt, for a collection of vegetables, August 18, 1928. Silver Medal of American Rose Society Montgomery Rose Co., for a new Rose Talisman, March 20, 1928. President's Cup Mar. 20. Mrs. Homer Gage, for a Spring bulb garden. June 22. Professor A. P. Saunders, for Peony seedlings. Sept. 8. Bay State Nurseries, for herbaceous and rock plants. Nov. 2. Edwin S. Webster, for a group of Chrysanthe- mums. Large Gold Medal Mar. 20. Mrs. Homer Gage, for a Spring bulb garden. Mar. 20. Thomas Roland, for a group of Acacias. Mar. 20. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of Orchids. May 10. W. A. Manda, for the most artistic exhibit other than Orchids (Orchid Exhibition, New York). 20 MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES 21 Oct. 15. R. T. Crane, Jr., Estate, magnificently planned and planted. Nov. 2. Wyman's Framingham Nurseries, for conifers and berried shrubs. Nov. 2. Albert C. Burrage, for a display of Orchids. Nov. 2. Dr. W. G. Kendall, for an artistic and educational display of Grapes. Exhibition Gold Medals Mar. 20. Kelsey-Highlands Nursery, for evergreens and flowering plants. Mar. 20. Edwin S. Webster, for a display of Orchid plants. Mar. 20. Mrs. Samuel Cabot, Noanett Garden Club, for the most meritorious 'exhibit in Garden Club Ex- hibition. May 10. Mrs. William K. DuPont, for the most beautiful Orchid flower (Orchid Exhibition, New York). May 10. New York Botanical Garden, for an exhibit of foliage plants (Orchid Exhibition, New York). June 16. Butterworth's, for a display of Epidendrum Or- chids. June 22. Butterworth's, for a display of Miltonia and other Orchids. Aug. 18. Jelle Roos, for a display of Gladioli. Sept. 8. Jelle Roos, for a display of Dahlias. Sept. 8. Boston Mycological Club, for a collection of Mushrooms. Nov. 2. Joseph Breck & Sons, for a collection of ever- green coniferous plants. Nov. 2. Thomas Roland, for a group of Cypripedium Or- chids. Nov. 2. Louis Vasseur, for a collection of Fruits. Nov. 2. Parker Bros., for a collection of Apples. Silver Medals Mar. 20. Howard Coonley, for a group of annuals and perennials. Mar. 20. William H. Vanderbilt, for a group of Lilies. Mar. 20. Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a display of Hippe- astrums (Amaryllis). Mar. 20. F. W. Hunnewell, for a display of Orchid plants. 22 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Mar. 20. Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for a group of Primulas. Mar. 20. Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of greenhouse plants. Mar. 20. R. & J. Farquhar Co., for a group of Azaleas and Lilies. Mar. 20. E. H. Wetterlow, for a group of Ericas. Mar. 20. George Peabody Gardner, Jr., for an exhibit of Cyclamen. Mar. 20. Mrs. Malcolm Seymour, Cohasset Garden Club, for the Spring planting of a still pool. Mar. 20. Mrs. John D. Adams, Community Club of Dux- bury, for still life picture. May 10. W. A. Manda, for Polypodiums (Orchid Exhibi- tion, New York). May 10. W. A. Manda, for two specimen Cycads (Orchid Exhibition, New York) . May 10. W. A. Manda, for Kentia Fosteriana (Orchid Ex- hibition, New York). May 10. "W. A. Manda, for Phoenix Roebelenii (Orchid Ex- hibition, New York). May 10. W. A. Manda, for Phoenix canariensis (Orchid Exhibition, New York). May 10. Joseph E. Widener, for group of Palms (Orchid Exhibition, New York). June 16. Mrs. J. Montgomery Sears, for an exhibit of Vis- caria. June 16. Walter Hunn'ewell, for a display of Rhododen- drons. June 22. Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a display of Peonies. June 22. "Wilton B. Fay, for a basket of Peonies. June 22. Mrs. Clement S. Houghton, for a basket of Peonies. June 22. William F. Dusseault, for a collection of hardy Roses. June 22. Harvard Botanic Garden, for a display of hybrid Rugosa Roses. June 22. W. B. Parker, for a display of Peonies. Aug. 18. A. L. Stephen, for a display of Gladioli. Aug. 18. Butterworth's, for Epidendrum brassavolae. Aug. 18. Hillcrest Gardens, for a display of Delphiniums. Aug. 18. C. P. Knight, for a display of vegetables. Mr, E. G. Hill of Richmond, Ind., awarded the Thomas Roland Medal for his skill in originating and cultivating roses Mr. T. D. Hatfield of Wellesley, awarded the Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal for his skill in origin- ating and propagating hard wooded plants 24 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Sept. 8. Robert Laurie & Sons, for a collection of Del- phiniums. Sept. 8. Bay State Nurseries, for hardy herbaceous per- ennials. Sept. 8. Bay State Nurseries, for rock garden plants. Sept. 8. C. P. Knight, for a collection of Tomatoes. Sept. 8. J. F. Cummings, for a collection of Tomatoes. Oct. 15. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Abbott, for an estate devel- oped in a naturalistic manner. Oct. 15. Mr. and Mrs. Clement S. Houghton, for a collection of alpine plants and a moraine. Nov. 2. Edwin S. Webster, for a specimen Begonia. Nov. 2. Edwin S. "Webster, for a group of Chrysanthe- mum plants. Nov. 2. Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for a specimen plant of Begonia Emita. Nov. 2. Mrs. Homer Loring, for a specimen Chrysanthe- mum plant. Nov. 2. William H. Vanderbilt, for cut Chrysanthemum blooms. Nov. 2. Bay State Nurseries, for evergreens and berried plants. Nov. 2. Butterworth's, for a group of Orchids. Exhibition Silver Medals May 10. Charles D. Armstrong, for a specimen Davallia (Orchid Exhibition, New York). C. M. Woolley, for an exhibit of Bromeliads (Or- chid Exhibition, New York). William Kleinheinz, for the superior culture of Adiantums (Orchid Exhibition, New York). W. A. Manda, for Cibotium Schiedei (Orchid Ex- hibition, New York). W. A. Manda, for a specimen Polypodium (Orchid Exhibition, New York). W. A. Manda, for a specimen Angiopteris erecta (Orchid Exhibition, New York). Bronze Medals Dr. J. Henry Lancashire, for a group of Lilies. Charles Potter, for a vase of Anemones. May 10. May 10. May 10. May 10. May 10. Mar. 20. Mar. 20. MEbALS Attt) CERTIFICATES 25 Mar. 20. Mrs. Walter D. Brooks, Milton Garden Club, for a still life picture. Mar. 20. Mrs. Samuel Cabot, Noanett Garden Club, for Spring planting of a still pool. June 16. Mrs. G. G. Whitney, for a collection of cut flowers of flowering shrubs. June 16. Harvard Botanic Garden, for herbaceous cut flowers. June 22. Indian Spring Farm, for a basket of Peonies. June 22. W. C. Otis, for a basket of Peonies. June 22. Market Garden Field Station, for Lettuce and Tomatoes. June 22. Harvard Botanic Garden, for a collection of hardy Roses. Aug. 18. Seabrook Nurseries, for a display of Gladioli. Sept. 8. White & Johnson, for hardy herbaceous peren- nials. Sept. 8. Wyman's Framingham Nurseries, for dwarf ever- greens. Nov. 2. Mrs. Homer Loring, for a group of Chrysanthe- mum plants. Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for a specimen Begonia. Mrs. Homer Loring, for a specimen Chrysanthe- mum plant. Mrs. Homer Gage, for cut Chrysanthemum blooms. Mrs. William E. Clark, for a collection of Cacti. Mrs. H. H. Buxton, for a collection of house-grown Begonias. First Class Certificate of Merit Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Royal George, exhibited by Thomas Roland. Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Pallas Athena, exhibited by Albert C. Burrage. Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Perseus Queen Alexandra, ex- hibited by Albert C. Burrage. Mar. 20. To Azalea Louisa Hunnewell, exhibited by Walter Hunnewell. Mar. 20. To Odontoglossum ardentissimum Sir Douglas Haig, exhibited by Albert C. Burrage. Nov. 2. Nov. 2. Nov. 2. Nov. 2. Nov. 2. 26 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICUI/PURAL SOCIETY June 22. To Peony Argosy (P. moutan x P. lutea), exhib- ited by Prof. A. P. Saunders. Sept. 8. To Melon Cotting's Hybrid, exhibited by C. B. Cotting. Award of Merit Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Mem. F. "W. Ogilvie, Chardwar var., exhibited by Thomas Roland. Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Mario Westonbirt var., exhibited by Thomas Roland. Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Gigas Corndean Hall, exhibited by Thomas Roland. Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Prince Albert, exhibited by Al- bert C. Burrage. Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Curtisii exquisitum, exhibited by Albert C. Burrage. Jan. 9. Ty Cypripedium Curtisii exquisitum, exhibited by Albert C. Burrage. Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Formidable, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Pilatus, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Jan. 9. To Carnation Early Rose, exhibited by S. J. God- dard. Mar. 20. To Rose Talisman, exhibited by Montgomery Rose Co. Mar. 20. To Brassocattleya Trimabilis, exhibited by Albert C. Burrage. Mar. 20. To Brassocattleya Fulgens, exhibited by Albert C. Burrage. Mar. 20. To Miltonia Bleuana nobile, exhibited by Albert C. Burrage. Mar. 20. To Brassocattleya Cliftonii, The Globe, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. June 16. To Alstroemeria haemantha rosea, exhibited by Harvard Botanic Garden. June 22. To Peony Joy (P. albiflora x P. lobata), exhibited by Prof. A. P. Saunders. MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES 27 June 22. To Gunnera manicata, exhibited by Harvard Botanic Garden. Nov. 2. To Brassocattleya Minerva aurea, exhibited by Albert C. Burrage. Nov. 2. To Laeliocattleya Queen Mary, exhibited by Al- bert 0. Burrage. Vote of Commendation Mar. 20. To specimen Marguerite, exhibited by Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall. Mar. 20. To group of flowering plants, exhibited by Jelle Roos. June 22. To display of Alstroemerias, exhibited by Harvard Botanic Garden. Sept. 8. To new Gaillardia Herbert Hoover, exhibited by Robert Laurie & Son. Sept. 8. To Dianthus Lindy, exhibited by Robert Laurie & Son. Nov. 2. To collection of house-grown Begonias, exhibited by Mrs. H. H. Buxton. Nov. 2. To Fig trees in tubs, exhibited by I. A. Racz. Nov. 2. To Flageolet Beans, exhibited by Dr. Walter G. Kendall. Nov. 2. To tomato plant grafted on potato plant, exhib- ited by Dr. Walter G. Kendall. Cultural Certificates Mar. 20. To William MacBean, for Lilies. Mar. 20. To G. Peabody Gardner, Jr., for Cyclamen. June 16. To G. E. Palmer, for standard Fuchsias. June 16. To Peter Arnott, for hybrid Calceolarias. June 16. To Butterworth's, for Epidendrum Orchids. June 16. To Market Garden Field Station, for Lettuce and Tomatoes. Sept. 8. To Dr. Walter G. Kendall, for Carman Peaches. Sept. 8. To C. E. Cotting, for Melon Cotting's Hybrid. Vote of Thanks Mar. 20. To F. W. Hunnewell, for Ardisias. Mar. 20. To Walter Hunnewell, for Kurume Azaleas. Mar. 20. To Mrs. J. Montgomery Sears, for cut Camellias. June 22. To James Donald, for Rhubarb. 28 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Aug. 18. To William E. Clark, for cut Gladioli. Sept. 8. To Dr. Walter G Kendall, for Elderberry, Adams. Sept. 8. To Louis Vasseur, for blooms of tuberous-rooted Begonias. Sept. 8. To Hillcrest Gardens, for Zinnias. Nov. 2. To Mrs. Homer Loring, for specimen Chrysanthe- mum. Nov. 2. To Breck Robinson Co., for climbing Ivies. Nov. 2. To Mrs. W. Rodman Peabody, for Gourds. Garden Certificates Oct. 15. Mr. and Mrs. Moses Lyman, for a garden on a city lot. Oct. 15. Mrs. Robert C. Allen, for a rock garden. Bronze Medals for Children's Gardens Eben H. Bamberry, Jamaica Plain. Arthur L. Belyea, Jamaica Plain. William Broderick, Roxbury. Sophie De Luco, Brighton. Mildred E. DeMarsh, Brockton. Edward C. Erlandson, Jamaica Plain. William Farquhar, Roslindale. Edward W. Flaherty, Jamaica Plain. Edna Gagnon, Dodgeville. Walter E. Hanhy, Brockton. Roger Hartwell, Brockton. David Low, Roslindale. William Morse, Allston. Charles W. H. Mullin, Jamaica Plain. Carlisle Nason, Wellesley. Arthur Phillips, Jr., Boston. Ralph Rosendahl, Dorchester. Jean Schmidt, Jamaica Plain. Edson Scholz, Jamaica Plain. Bernice Schubert, Boston. Alfred J. Sinopoli, Boston. Sherwood C. Stedman, Brockton. Lawrence E. Sundberg, Brockton. Raymond L. Willis, Brockton. George Robert White Medal Award It was announced by the Trustees in November, 1928, that the George Robert White Medal of Honor had been awarded to Colonel William Boyce Thompson of Yonkers, N. Y., for eminent service in horticulture. This is considered the highest horticultural award in America and is made possible by a fund of $10,000 left to the Massachusetts Horticultural So- ciety by the late George Robert White, one of Boston's great- est benefactors. It is felt that Colonel Thompson richly merits this award because of the great work which he has done in advancing horticulture in this country, and especially in the line of research. At Yonkers he has established and endowed the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, which was opened for the first time in September, 1924. Here has been assembled the best possible equipment for studying the com- plete life of plants in all its phases. A staff has been organized covering a wide range of technical branches and the practical problems which have to do with plant growth are being studied under the most favorable conditions. Many unique appliances have been developed and green- houses have been constructed for the special purpose of plant investigation. A notable piece of equipment is that which provides for supplementing daylight by artificial light at night. It is an enormous gantry crane which can be moved over one of the greenhouses at night and removed during the day. This crane carries 48 1,000-watt lights, which produce illuminating intensity equivalent to that of daylight. Many important facts have been obtained from a study of sunlight passing through glass of different kinds and florists have been helped by investigations to determine the conditions under which seeds germinate the most satisfactorily. The puzzling mosaic and yellows diseases which are so disastrous to asters, peaches and other important crops are being investigater to determine their nature. Much work has been done on the diseases of decorative plants in co-operation with the nurserymen, florists and horticulturists. Fungicides and insecticides have been formulated and, among many tried, a sulphur compound has been secured which is very effective 29 Colonel William Boyce Thompson Awarded the George Bobert White Medal of Honor in 1928 GEORGE ROBERT WHITE MEDAL AWARD 31 in controlling such pests as coddling moth, leaf roller and apple scab. ! The Boyce Thompson Institute is trying to meet both the scientific need and the public demand, yet wherein government controlled investigations are often urged to secure practical results at the expense of overlooking the fundamentals, this institute is independent and its main purpose is to discover the laws of plant development and to use this knowledge in the handling of plants. Proceeding in this way, there is equal promise for advance in plant science and of improvement in horticultural practice. The activities of Colonel Thompson have been varied, for while his business is banking, he has held important offices such as head of the American Red Cross Mission to Russia in 1917, as well as being a member of the advisory commission to the American delegation in the conference on the limitation of armaments in 1921. Serving in these capacities, Colonel Thompson became so impressed with the dependence of hu- manity upon plants and their products that he felt a great public service could be rendered by providing for funda- mental research to discover the possibilities of new horti- cultural practice. With this in view, the present institute was founded, and there can be no doubt of its usefulness due wholly to the foresight, liberality and horticultural enthusi- asm of Colonel William Boyce Thompson himself. to Ki is © to 53 &3 to ■to § to ^- e ^3 to to Gardens for Which Awards Were Made in 1928 The estate of Mr. and Mrs. E. T. Crane, Jr., at Ipswich, Mass., which was awarded the large gold medal of the Mas- sachusetts Horticultural Society in 1928, contains one of the most beautiful gardens in America. This estate, called Castle Hill, occupies about 3,000 acres and is located on an eleva- tion 164 feet in height, commanding an unbroken view of ocean, beach, sand dunes, marshes, pastures and orchards. Mr. John Burnham Brown, who sold Castle Hill to Mr. Crane, was a great lover of trees ; he planted hundreds of European larches, Scots pine, Douglas fir, Colorado blue spruce, Nordmann fir, red pine, white pine, Austrian pine, maples, elms, birches, oaks, mountain ash and others. These trees are now more than 40 years old and many of them are beautiful specimens. An Italian garden was laid out in 1914, the architectural work being done by Olmsted Brothers, and the planting under the supervision of Mrs. Crane. The plants are mostly her- baceous perennials, and the arrangement is held strictly to an effective color scheme. The colors are blue and blue shades, pink and pink shades, and white. A large rose garden was designed and constructed in 1917 by Arthur Shurtleff and the planting was done by Mrs. Harriet E. Foote of Marblehead. The plants have grown luxuriantly and the standard roses are especially handsome. The roses in the beds include hundreds of varieties, mostly hybrid teas. A vegetable garden when laid out with taste and planted with care gives as much pleasure and enjoyment as any other kind of garden. There is such a garden on the Crane estate, the architectural part of which was designed by Mr. Shurtleff. This garden is about two acres in extent, with grapes, apples and pears trained on the walls, and the planting is done each season with the purpose of creating a pleasing effect. This garden contains practically every kind of vegetable that will grow in this section of the country. There is also an extensive 33 1) CO 2 o © Ah H3 to to o Co § ^ , Co <?+ Si c& 36 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY border of herbs, all labeled with the common and botanical names. The planting around the mansion, which is new, is ex- tremely simple and dignified, being carried out with ever- greens for the most part. There are large groups and clumps of evergreens in close proximity to the house, while extensive beautiful green rolling lawns stretch away to the ocean. Many other interesting features, such as grass tennis courts, a maze, a swimming pool and a golf course are to be found on this estate. On Choate Island, a part of the estate, 90,000 small trees — red pine, Scots pine, Austrian pine, Norway spruce and white spruce — were planted in 1927. The silver medal awarded to Mr. and, Mrs. Clement S. Houghton of Chestnut Hill, Mass., was for a marvellous collection of alpine plants and the development of a charming wild garden and moraine. It is indeed a revelation to find within the city limits so naturalistic a treatment, where birds are quite at home and where one may stroll along a sun- flecked dingle beside a quiet stream. The wildest part of the estate is devoted to a rock garden surrounded by large oaks and clumps of birches. Happily, the place abounds with natural ledges of puddlestone of a neutral gray color which blends perfectly with dwarf ever- greens growing amid masses of rock plants. A more recent addition to the rock garden is the moraine, which has two compartments, one for lime-loving plants and the other for acid-loving subjects. Those which naturally enjoy the cool soil and full sun at high altitudes are being tried in this moraine where sub-irrigation is provided during the dry Summer months by perforated water pipes. Here, pale blue Gentiana Farreri came through the Winter successfully. Miniature Myosotis rupicolor with flowers of blue and yellow has proved to be sturdy. Androsace villosa and its variety arachnoidea, and A. sempervivoides required only slight protection. Dainty Campanula pusilla is also in the collection. The charm of these delightful gardens lies in the expert use of the natural plant growth and rock formations already existing on the grounds. Furthermore, one is impressed with Wooded Path on the Estate of Mr. and Mrs, Clement S. Houghton 38 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY the idea that plants are in the place intended for them by nature. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Abbott of West Manchester were awarded a silver medal in 1928 for a garden, the special charm of which lies in a happy combination of cultural skill with the preservation of rugged natural features. Situated on the summit of a high bluff fronting the ocean, with an abundance of native trees, — oaks, maples, pines and elms, some of the latter being of majestic proportions, — and with picturesque outcrops of red granite here and there, it would be attractive even were there no garden cultivation whatever. But the natural contours of the ground have been taken advantage of in the planning and maintenance of sev- eral garden units, which, both in themselves and by virtue of their surroundings, are exceedingly delightful. There is a lovely terrace effect in the southward slope from the level of the residence to the edge of the bluff. Thence a smooth grassy path, well-shaded, leads along the edge of the bluff, through a wild garden of unusual interest, to the rock garden. This is wholly natural in its construction, the slope of the ledge and its numerous pockets affording opportunity for the suc- cessful cultivation of numerous alpines and other dwarf plants in great variety. From the rock garden a winding path leads beneath some noble white pines to a level area, right in the midst of native shrubs and trees, which has been utilized in the development of a very charming perennial garden. Here the planting, while partially formal in design, is choice in selection, harmonious in color arrangement, and rich in variety. There is an entire absence of display, the single piece of statuary at the end of the central path being in striking accord with the general plan, while the obvious intent of the garden is that of a precious adjunct to the home. A notable and unusual feature of the garden is the presence of several laburnum trees, whose pendent clusters of golden blossoms in mid-June make a picture of rare beauty. It is the simple truth to say that the success of the garden, both as a whole and in its minutest elements, is due to the wise planning and unremitting efforts of Mrs. Abbott herself. o 3 © a, o O 55 fe! CO 5s* to © GARDENS FOR WHICH AWARDS WERE MADE IN 1928 41 Mrs. Eobert C. Allen of Worcester, who was awarded a garden certificate, has a rock garden which she planned and constructed in 1922 on a rough plot of sloping grass land measuring 80 by 40 feet. Existing pines, larches, a picturesque apple tree and a demolished stone wall furnished the essen- tials for the garden as first planned, but in true artist fashion, Mrs. Allen has continually reworked the design to acquire a naturalistic effect. Native plant material is used in one section of the garden where such subjects as white trillium, maidenhair fern and numerous wild flowers flourish. Along the winding paths are tastefully grouped, among other plants, Cypripedium acaule, parviflorum and pubescens, Epigaea repens, Shortia galaci- folia, closed and fringed gentians, Iris prismatica, Azalea nudiflora and viscosa, and scarlet pimpernel. In addition, there are hosts of familiar rock plants so indispensable in such a planting. Sedums had been used in the past for quick effects, but many rare alpines are in the seed beds this year, so that Mrs. Allen expects to add over 100 new kinds of plants to her present extensive collection. The garden of Mr. and Mrs. Moses Lyman at Longmeadow, near Springfield, for which the owners were awarded a garden certificate, was highly praised by the committee, sev- eral members of which visited it. This garden is located on a city lot. It was planned and is cared for by Mr. and Mrs. Lyman, who are real lovers of flowers and shrubs. Mrs. Lyman is the sister of the late Dr. Walter Van Fleet of Washington, who originated the climbing rose which bears his name and many others which are found in gardens every- where. Mrs. Lyman is a writer as well as a flower lover and has produced some very creditable verse. 42 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Exhibitions of the Centennial Year 1929 March 19-23. Centennial Plant and Flower Exhibition at Mechanics Building. Tuesday, 1 to 10 P. M. ; "Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday, 9 A. M. to 10 P. M. June 15-16. Iris, Rhododendron and Azalea Exhibition. Saturday, 2.30 to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P. M. June 22-23. Peony, Rose, Strawberry and Sweet Pea Exhibition. Saturday, 2.30 to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M. August 24-25. Gladiolus Exhibition. Saturday, 2.30 to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P. M. September 7-8. Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens. Saturday and Sunday, 1 to 6 P. M. September 14-15. Dahlia Exhibition. Saturday, 2.30 to 9 P. M. ; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P. M. Oct. 30 -Nov. 3. Grand Autumn Exhibition of Plants, Flowers, Fruits and Vegetables. "Wednesday, 2.30 to 9 P.M.; Thursday, Friday and Satur- day, 10 A. M. to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P. M. *A11 these exhibitions, except the one in March, will be held in Horticultural Hall. Annuals for the Home Garden* Everyone who has a garden should grow and probably will grow some annuals, although it is not recommended that a garden should consist of annuals only. They will always be popular, for as Dr. Liberty Hyde Bailey, our pre- eminent American horticulturist, has said: "The garden of annuals will perhaps always remain the garden of the millions, for the planting fever will never fail to appear in its most malignant form in the Spring." Why should annuals be grown in the home garden ? Eight reasons can easily be given ; let us consider them briefly. 1. Annuals give quick returns. The seeds are sown outdoors at some time in May, or perhaps indoors in March or April, and the plants in many instances begin to flower in June. There is no waiting, as is so frequently true of many herbaceous perennials which do not bloom until the second year. 2. Annuals are inexpensive; they are even cheap. Many kinds can be obtained at prices ranging from five cents to twenty-five cents per packet, while those which cost a dollar or more per packet are few. The higher priced varieties are usually forms which are not yet commonly available. Of course if seeds are purchased each year for the same garden or plot of ground, the expense is going to present quite a total but for any one season a garden of annuals is cheap. 3. A great mass and variety of color is provided by the annuals. It is only necessary to consider the variety of color that is included among such plants as China asters, or zinnias, or sweet peas, to make us realize the truth of this statement. 4. Freedom of bloom is also a pronounced characteristic of many annuals. Not only are flowers produced freely but with some, such as sweet peas and calendulas, the more the flowers are picked, the longer the plants will bloom. 5. Some of the annuals have fragrance, a quality which is frequently desirable. Mignonette, for example, should be grown for its fragrance even if it is not striking in color. *A lecture by Clark L. Thayer of the Department of Floriculture, at the Mas- sachusetts Agricultural College, Amherst, Mass., delivered at Horticultural Hall, Boston, June 23, 1928. 43 44 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 6. Beauty of form or line is also characteristic of many annuals. Such flowers as double calendulas and double African marigolds are more or less conventional in nature but such flowers as sweet peas, nasturtiums, salpiglossis, and poppies are beautiful because of their form as well as because of their color. 7. Annuals are of great value in supplementing the herba- ceous perennials ; this is one of the most important reasons why annuals should be grown in the home garden. During the first season of a new perennial garden there will be much bare ground due to the fact that perennials do not attain their full size the first year. Annuals may be used to good advantage in covering this bare ground and mak- ing the garden or border more attractive. Then again some of the perennials become rather unsightly during the Summer; some may even lose their foliage entirely; for example, Spring-flowering bulbs, oriental poppies, ere- murus, and others. What can be better than annuals to carry on the season of bloom when such perennials have finished blooming? 8. Finally, many of the best flowers which are used for cut- ting are included among the annuals. It is true that many of the perennials are satisfactory for cutting, but in many instances there is only one short period of bloom; they are beautiful while they are available but that is for a short time only. On the other hand, as stated previously,, the more certain annuals are picked, the better the plants will produce. Some people do not like to cut flowers; they prefer to see them growing in the garden in their natural manner rather than to see them cut, brought into the house, and placed in a more or less artificial setting. Yet there are multitudes of people who want quantities of flowers in the home; such persons should have a definite "cut flower garden," from which flowers may be cut as freely as desired without thinking whether the appearance of the garden is going to be injured. In a cut flower garden the plants should preferably be grown in rows to facilitate cultivation ; however, such planting also makes it easier to get at the flowers. Now that we have considered the reasons for growing annuals let us think for a moment of the objections to them. In the first place, they are temporary. Seeds must be sown every year unless the plants are allowed to "self sow" the previous season which is not always a desirable practice. Such "volunteer" seedlings are not always transplanted or Sweet Peas Are Among the Most Useful of Annuals 46 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY thinned out with the result that they do not prove satis- factory. If given proper treatment such plants may bloom earlier than those from Spring sown seed. The second and final objection is that the season for annuals as a general class is short. We might say that it is governed by the late frosts in the Spring and the early frosts in the Fall. Some annuals, such as sweet alyssum, will flower until the arrival of extremely cold weather, but many succumb to the first Fall frost. Compare the length of such a blooming season with that of the perennials, snowdrops and Christmas roses blooming during the Winter months and hardy chrysanthemums sometimes in November, with an abundance of bloom in the other months. Let me now give you two lists of annuals that are desirable for garden purposes. The first includes those annuals which are members of the large botanical family, the compositae, the composite or daisy family: Miscellaneous Annuals of the Family Compositae Ageratum. Ageratum. Arctotis grandis. Bushy Arctotis. Brachycome iberidifolia. Swan-River-Daisy. Calendula officinalis. Calendula. Callistephus chinensis. China-Aster. Centaurea cyanus. Cornflower. Centaurea moschata (C. imperialis). Sweet-Sultan. Chrysanthemum carinatum. Summer Chrysanthemum. Coreopsis tinctoria. Calliopsis. Coreopsis Drummondii. Golden Wave. Cosmos bipinnatus. Cosmos. Dimorphotheca aurantiaca. Winter Cape-Marigold. Gaillardia pulchella. Rose-Ring Gaillardia. Gaillardia pulchella var. picta. Painted Gaillardia. Helianthus annuus. Common Sunflower. Helianthus annuus fl. pi. Double Sunflower. Helianthus annuus nanus fl. pi. Globes of Gold. Helianthus annuus. Red Sunflowers. Helianthus argophyllus. Silver Leaf Sunflower. Helianthus debilis (cucumerifolius). Cucumber Sunflower. Helichrysum bracteatum. Strawflower. Helipterum Manglesii (Rhodanthe Manglesii). Mangles Everlasting. Helipterum roseum (Acroclinium roseum). Rose Ever- lasting. ANNUALS FOR THE HOME GARDEN 47 Rudbeckia bicolor superba. Erfurt Coneflower. Sanvitalia procumbens. Common Sanvitalia. Tagetes erecta. Aztec Marigold. Tagetes patula. French Marigold. Tagetes signata pumila. Dwarf Striped Marigold. Zinnia elegans. Common Zinnia. Zinnia Haageana. Orange Zinnia. In glancing through this list you will note that it includes some of our most common garden flowers, as for example, the calendulas or pot marigolds, the China asters, the cosmos, the sunflowers, several strawflowers, French and African marigolds and zinnias. Our second list, "Some Desirable Annuals," includes some which are found in the first list, but it is made up chiefly of plants belonging to other botanical families. Doubtless you will note many of your garden favorites but perhaps there are some which are not very familiar to you : Some Desirable Annuals 1. Allyssum maritinmm var. Little Gem. Sweet Alyssum. 2. Antirrhinum majus. Snapdragon. 3. Arctotis grandis. Bushy Arctotis. 4. Brachycome iberidifolia. Swan-River-Daisy. 5. Calendula officinalis. Calendula. 6. Callistephus chinensis. China Aster. 7. Celosia Childsi. Chinese Woolflower. 8. Celosia cristata. Common Cockscomb. 9. Centaurea cyanus. Cornflower. 10. Centaurea moschata. Sweet Sultan. 11. Chrysanthemum carinatum. Summer Chrysanthemum. 12. Clarkia elegans var. Salmon Queen. Clarkia. 13. Cobaea scandens. Purplebell Cobaea. 14. Coreopsis Drummondii. Golden Wave. 15. Coreopsis tinctoria. Calliopsis. 16. Cosmos bipinnatus. Cosmos. 17. Delphinium ajacis. Rocket Larkspur. 18. Delphinium consolida. Field Larkspur. 19. Dianthus chinensis. Chinese Pink. Helipterum Manglesi (Rhodanthe Manglesi). Mangles 21. Eschscholtzia calif ornica. California Poppy. 22. Gaillardia pulchella var. picta. Painted Gaillardia. 23. Gilia capitata. Globe Gilia. 24. Gomphrena globosa. Globe Amaranth. 25. Gypsophila elegans. Common Gypsophila. 26. Helianthus debilis (cucumerifolius). Cucumber Sun- flower. 27. Helichrysum bracteatum. Strawflower. 48 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 28. Helipterum (Rhodanthe) Manglesii. Mangles Ever- lasting. 29. Humulus japonica. Japanese Hop. 30. Hunnemannia fumariaefolia. Goldencup. 31. Iberis amara. White Candytuft. 32. Iberis umbellata. Purple Candytuft. 33. Impatiens balsamina. Garden Balsam. 34. Ipomoea purpurea. Common Morning Glory. 35. Kochia scoparia. Belvedere. 36. Lathyrus odoratus. Sweet Pea. 37. Linum grandiflorum. Flowering Flax. 38. Lobelia erinus. Edging Lobelia. 39. Lupinus hirsutus. European Blue Lupine. 40. Matthiola incana var. annua. Annual Stock. 41. Mirabilis jalapa. Four o'Clock. 42. Nicotiana alata (amnis). Winged Tobacco. 43. Nigella damascena var. Miss Jekyll. Love-in-a-Mist. 44. Papaver rhoeas. Corn Poppy. Shirley types. 45. Papaver somniferum. Opium Poppy. 46. Petunia hybrida. Petunia. 47. Phlox Drummondii. Drummond Phlox. 48. Portulaca grandif olia. Common Portulaca. 49. Reseda odorata. Mignonette. 50. Ricinus communis. Castor-Bean. 51. Salpiglossis sinuata. Scalloped Salpiglossis. 52. Sanvitalia proeumbens var fi. pi. Double Sanvitalia. 53. Scabiosa atropurpurea. Sweet Scabiosa. 54. Schizanthus pinnatus. Wingleaf Butterflyflower. 55. Tagetes erecta. Aztec Marigold. 56. Tagetes patula. French Marigold. 57. Tropaeolum majus. Climbing Nasturtium. 58. Tropaeolum minus. Bush Nasturtium. 59. Verbena hybrida. Verbena. 60. Zinnia elegans. Common Zinnia. 61. Zinnia Haageana. Orange Zinnia. 62. Zinnia Haageana var. Perfection. You will note that very few horticultural or garden vari- eties are given in these lists. I would like now to give you a few varieties in some of the more common flowers : Calendula: Orange King, Lemon Queen, and Ball's vari- ety. China Aster : Many types, especially Crego, Comet, King, Royal, and Late Branching. Cornflower or Bachelor's Button: Double Blue, Double White, and Double Pink. Cosmos: Extra Early Flowering, Pink and White. In some years the seasons apparently are not long enough for the Lady Lenox varieties to come into bloom. ANNUALS FOR THE HOME GARDEN 49 Garden Balsam: Camellia-flowered type. Sweet Pea : Spencer varieties. Nicotiana or Winged Tobacco: White flowered forms if fragrance is desired; open in the evening and on dull days. Opium Poppy: Peony-flowered and Carnation-flowered types. Petunia: Ruffled Giants if size is desired and any of the Balcony Petunias if freedom of bloom is preferable to size. Seabiosa or Sweet Scabious: Shasta, white; Peach Blos- som, pink; Azure Fairy, lavender; Black Prince, dark purple. French Marigold: Legion of Honor, Golden Ball, Lemon Ball. Verbena: Mayflower; propagated from cuttings or "slips." Zinnia: Dahlia-flowered types for size; Mexican type, variety Perfection, small flowers in a wide range of colors and combinations of colors. Strawflower: Helichrysums if size and wide color range are desired; Helipterums for gracefulness and light colors. Before giving you a list of desirable annuals for cutting I would like to discuss this subject briefly. As already stated, if many flowers are desired for cutting, a definite area should be set aside as a cut flower garden. If a few annuals only are wanted occasionally during the Summer, such flowers may be cut from the flower border or garden, but when this border or garden is maintained for display purposes, it should not be the source of supply for house decoration. It is much more desirable to have a plot where flowers may be grown and cut at will without detracting from the beauty of the main garden. On many home grounds this cut flower garden can be a part of the vegetable garden, possibly a corner, or in a border on one side or even surrounding the vegetables. Secondly, in a cut flower garden the plants should be set in rows, with the rows far enough apart to allow the use of a wheel hoe or an ordinary hand hoe. This will simplify cul- tivation greatly and will decrease to a great extent the amount of hand weeding necessary when plants are set closely. The distance between plants in the row will natu- rally vary with different kinds of plants but a distance of 50 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 15 to 18 inches between rows is desirable. Such plants as cosmos, which are tall growing and branch freely, will give better results if the plants are two feet or more apart, with the same distance between rows. On the other hand, gladioli may be planted so closely in the row that the bulbs almost touch, but 15 or 18 inches should be allowed between rows. A general rule is that the distance between plants should be one-half the ultimate height of the plant. Thus, if a certain variety of cosmos grows to a height of six feet, the plants should be three feet apart; if a certain strain of zinnias is two feet tall, the plants should be one foot apart. Of course there are exceptions to this rule, for example, the gladiolus. Flowers grown for cutting should be produced on long stems ; short stemmed material is not very satisfactory un- less low, mass effects are being arranged. Pansies grown in the garden are usually so short stemmed that they can be used in low bowls or plates, with ferns, carrot leaves, or some other fine foliage or background. Flowers of the garden balsam, produced on short spurs, are pleasing in shallow dishes only unless the entire plant is cut. A variety of color is desirable so that numerous harmoni- ous color combinations may be obtained. Good keeping qual- ities are also desirable but not essential. Annual poppies may not survive long when used as cut flowers but they are indeed beautiful until the petals fall; gladiolus and China asters may keep so long that we get tired of them before they are discarded. I would now like to give you a list of ten annuals desirable for use as cut flowers; I do not say the ten best for who has the right to say what are the ten best for all conditions and circumstances? The plants are given in alphabetical order, not in order of importance: 1. Calendula. Pot Marigold. 2. Callistephus. China Aster. 3. Centaurea cyamis. Cornflower or Bachelor's Button. 4. Cosmos bipinnatus. Cosmos. 5. Lathyrus odoratus. Sweet Pea. 6. Reseda odorata. Mignonette. 7. Salpiglossis sinuata. Painted Tongue. 8. Scabiosa atropurpurea. Sweet Scabiosa. 9. Tropaeolum majus. Climbing Nasturtium. 10. Zinnia. Various types. ANNUALS FOR THE HOME GARDEN 51 Ten fragrant annuals. Please bear in mind the fact that fragrance is a matter of personal choice; what might seem fragrant to one person might be an objectionable odor to another: 1. Alyssum. Sweet Alyssum. 2. Antirrhinum. Snapdragon. 3. Iberis. Candytuft. 4. Lathyrus odoratus. Sweet Pea. 5. Matthiola incana var. annua. Annual Stock. 6. Nicotiana. White Winged Tobacco. 7. Petunia. 8. Reseda. Mignonette. 9. Tropaeolum. Nasturtium. 10. Verbena var. Mayflower. Annuals are frequently used for bedding purposes, espe- cially those forms which branch freely or have a compact habit of growth. The following list may offer some sugges- tions : 1. Ageratum. 2. Sweet Alyssum; edging purposes. 3. China Aster. 4. Dimorphotheca ; good on sandy soils. 5. Eschscholtzia. 6. French and African Marigolds. 7. Petunia. 8. Annual Phlox. 9. Portulaca; good on sandy soils. 10. Snapdragon. 11. Verbena. 12. Zinnia. To this list should probably be added the ricinus or castor bean, that plant which is frequently seen, poorly placed, in the midst of a small home lawn. In closing I want to remind you that there are also some desirable vines among the annuals. Probably the morning glories and the nasturtiums are most commonly known. Sweet peas may also be included among the vines but they are not grown primarily for shade or screening. The hya- cinth bean, Dolichos lablab, and the purple bell cobaea, Cobaea scandens, are deserving of greater popularity; the latter will not produce a dense screen but it does grow rapidly and its bell-shaped flowers are very attractive. Frontispiece of a Rare Book in the Library of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society The Library, 1829-1929 When the forming of a horticultural society in Massachu- setts was being discussed, one of the points in its favor was the ability of such an organization to collect books, espe- cially expensive ones that many members could not afford for themselves. Consequently, when the Society was organ- ized in the early months of 1829, a committee on the library was among the four standing committees created. The So- ciety took the collecting of a library seriously, and gifts of books and money began to come in at once. Robert Manning was the first donor, and John Lowell, J. M. Gourgas and the firm of Grant Thorburn and Son were also prompt to give volumes from their private libraries. To raise a book fund, a subscription box was put on the table, so that any members who wished could contribute. When the first catalogue was published in the "New En- gland Farmer" (August 10, 1831) nearly two hundred vol- umes were included and the quality of the list was excellent. In it were such classics as Evelyn's "Silva" and Michaux's "North American Sylva," but the cream of the collection was Duhamel du Monceau's "Traite des Arbres Fruitiers ; nou- velle edition augmentee par A. Poiteau et P. J. F. Turpin." Even today, in a library of extraordinary richness, this set is among the treasures of the collection. For several years the library flourished, but during the late '40s and '50s the interests of the members centered in other activities, and the upkeep and use of the book collec- tion suffered. Eighteen hundred sixty-five brought two re- juvenating influences — a new home and a new administra- tion. The completion of the second Horticultural Hall gave the library adequate room, for which it had been suffering for several years. At the same time, a new Committee took over its affairs and re-established it as an active factor in the life of the Society. Moving into the new hall gave an excel- lent chance for reclassifying the whole collection, printing a 53 54 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY revised catalogue, and establishing the definite policy of making the library as complete as possible. Consequently the end of 1868 found the collection in good order, with a new standing as one of the major undertakings of the Society. Eighteen hundred sixty-nine was the turning point in the library's history. In this year Josiah Stickney, a former presi- dent of the Society, died, and in his will provided generously for the library. The bequest gave an income of seven hun- dred dollars a year for thirty years. The principal then re- verted to Harvard College and our interest in it ceased. Such a liberal gift (far more than the Society had ever appro- priated) made possible purchases otherwise far out of reach, especially in the field of elaborately illustrated works issued in limited editions. It happened, fortunately, that this fund came to the Society at a time when such works were not in great demand and were, consequently, not expensive. Some of the books bought with Stickney fund money could not now be obtained at any price, and all of them have in- creased many times in value. Thus the years between 1869 and 1899 saw the library grow constantly richer in books of great artistic beauty and scientific value. The library began to acquire a reputation as one of the great collections of the literature of horticulture, and accordingly drew to it, as such collections will, gifts and bequests of great value from other sources. The most remarkable of these acquisitions was ^'hat has come to be known as the "Davenport herbarium," a complete collection of the species and varieties of ferns growing north of Mexico, made by George H. Davenport and given by him to the Society. During the 1880s two important undertakings were set on foot. The first was the systematic collection of horticultural trade catalogues from all parts of the world. Who originated the idea we do not know, but it formed the beginning of a collection that now numbers over seventeen thousand items. Such a file has many angles of interest, whether in represent- ing the growth of a firm, the national development of an THE LIBRARY, 1829-1929 55 industry, or the history of the cultivation and dissemination of a single species or variety. It is consulted many times a year by horticultural research workers, and is one of the few great collections of source material on that aspect of the modern history of cultivated plants. At about the same time a card index to illustrations was begun. There was, it is true, an excellent printed index. But there was a long list of works not covered by it, and many fine and useful pictures of plants were therefore nearly as useless to readers as if they were not in the library at all. Accordingly, funds Were provided and a worker engaged to make a supplementary index to a large number of sets. In the course of about twenty years three hundred and seventy- one works, some in many volumes, were indexed, and ap- proximately eighty thousand species and varieties of plants were represented by from one to four or five entries. In spite of the fact that nothing has been added to this index for at least a quarter of a century it still keeps its unique place in the library's equipment. The reports of the '90s are full of the cry for "more room" again. The library was growing rapidly in size and value, due to the purchasing power of the Stickney fund. The work of the secretary-librarian was increasing faster than the office staff could keep up with it, and the other activities of the Society were also outgrowing their quarters. A new hall was needed again, and in 1901 the Society moved into the present building. Once more it had room in which to care for its expanding activities, and adequate space for its library. The Society's interest in the Stickney fund came to an end with the income for 1898. The appeal of the committee for a worthy successor was answered within three years by two bequests, known as the John D. Williams French fund and the John S. Farlow fund, whose combined totals, with later additions to the French fund, gave the library an endowment of over $14,700. In 1906 the collection was once more thoroughly reclas- 56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY sified, a process normally to be expected once in each gener- ation if a collection is to keep pace with the advancement of science. The next undertaking was the publication of a new catalogue, the appearance of which was delayed for various reasons until 1918, with a second part following in 1921. Throughout the library's history it has had periods of great activity, lapsing into times of little real usefulness. The last five years have seen an unprecedented growth in activity, directly the result of an official policy which makes of the library a major asset for the attraction of new members. Dorothy St. J. Monks, Librarian. Garden Clubs in Massachusetts Massachusetts State Federation of Garden Clubs President, Mrs. Thomas Motley, Jr., Readville Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. H. H. Buxton, 114 Central St., Peabody Amherst Garden Club President, Mrs. F. Civille Pray Secretary, Mrs. D. Nelson Skillings Amherst Women's Club (Garden Section) Chairman, Mrs. George B. Churchill, Spring St. Secretary, Mrs. Brooks Drain, Fearing St. Andover Garden Club President, Mrs. J. M. Stewart, Phillips Inn. Secretary, Mrs. W. D. Walker, 121 Main St. Beacon Hill Garden Club President, Mrs. F. A. Bourne, 130 Mt. Vernon St., Boston Secretary, Mrs. Bryan S. Permar, 40 Beacon St., Boston Beverly Improvement Society President, Mrs. Marion Swasey Royce, 24 Hale St., Beverly Secretary, Miss Bessie A. Baker, Monument Square, Beverly Cambridge Plant Club (The) President, Mrs. L. E. Emerson, 64 Sparks St., Cambridge Corresponding Secretary, Miss Caroline E. Peabody, 40 Appleton St., Cambridge Cape Ann Garden Club President, Mrs. Lawrence A. Brown, 434 Marlboro St., Boston Secretary, Mrs. Samuel H. Pillsbury, 173 Adams St., Milton Chelmsford Garden Club President, Miss Carrie E. Richardson, Chelmsford Secretary, Miss Maud H. Perham, Chelmsford Chestnut Hill Garden Club President, Mr. George Bramwell Baker, 50 Congress St., Boston Secretary, Mrs. William K. Jackson, 169 Chestnut Hill Rd. Chest- nut Hill Cohasset Garden Club President, Mrs. J. F. McElwain, 53 Chestnut St., Boston Secretary, Mrs. W. DeFord Bigelow, 308 Marlborough St., Boston 57 58 massachusetts horticultural society Community Garden Club op Duxbury President, Dr. Nathaniel W. Emerson, Duxbury Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Oliver D. Hogue, South Duxbury Concord Garden Club President, Mrs. Florence Taft Eaton, 11 Elm St., Concord Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Francis B. Shepley, Carr Road Cottage Garden Club of Gloucester President, Mrs. Lida Bacon, Clarendon St. Secretary, Mrs. Hollis Griffin, Washington St. Country Garden Club of Swansea President, Mrs. Harry Fuller, 294 Wayland Ave., Providence, R. I. Secretary, Mrs. Willard C. Gardner, Touisset, Mass. Deerfield Garden Club President, Charles Huntington Smith Secretary, Miss Mellen Duxbury Garden Club President, Mrs. William L. Benedict, Longwood Towers, Brook- line (Winter address) Secretary, Mrs. Harry B. Stebbins, 86 Sargent St., Newton Fitchburg Garden Club President, Miss Helen Merriam, Fitchburg High School Corresponding Secretary, Miss Cora Blanchard, 154 Pleasant St. Greater Lynn Garden Club President Mrs. H. C. Attwill, 43 Atlantic Terrace Secretary, Mrs. Katherine F. Miller, 65 Atkins Ave. Groton Garden Club President, Mrs. H. H. Richards, Farmers Row, Groton Secretary, Mrs. Frederick G. May, Old Ayer Road Hingham Garden Club President, Francis H. Lincoln Secretary, Mrs. J. J. Dyer Ipswich Garden Club President, Mrs. George L. DeBlois, 62 Chestnut St., Boston Treasurer, Mrs. Robert B. Osgood, 38 Chestnut St., Boston Lawrence Garden Club President, Mrs. Edwin A. Buthmann, 172 E. Haverhill St. Secretary, Miss Lillian M. Wainwright, 55 Bellevue St. garden clubs in massachusetts 59 Lenox Garden Club President, Miss Georgiana W. Sargent, Lenox Corresponding Secretary, Miss Marion S. Davies, Lenox Lexington Outlook Club, Garden Section of President, Mrs. Francis S. Dane, 1 Bennington Road, Lexington Lincoln Garden Club President, Mrs. Charles V. Briggs Secretary, Mrs. Robert Loring Little Garden Club of Greater Boston President, Mrs. Walter Brady, 11 Claremont St., East Braintree Littleton Garden Club President, Dr. John W. Estabrooks Secretary, Mrs. E. P. Sargent Lowell Garden Club President, Mrs. Charles H. Hobson, 164 Holyrood Ave. Secretary, Miss Helen W. Barnes, 30 Huntington St. Marblehead Garden Club President, Mrs. William Chisholm, 41 Chestnut St. Secretary, Mrs. Stillman Weston, Weston Road Martha's Vineyard Garden Club President, Mrs. T. M. R. Meickleham, Edgartown Corresponding Secretary, Miss Edith W. Edwards, 181 Lloyd Ave., Providence, R. I. Melrose Garden Club President, Mrs. Harry N. Vaughn, 65 Gooch St. Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Robert Munson, 357 East Foster St. Milton Garden Club President, Mrs. Bernard W. Trafford, Woodland Rd., Readville Secretary, Mrs. Alexander H. Ladd, 381 Center St., Milton Nahant Garden Club President, Mrs. Fred A. Wilson, Nahant Secretary, Mr. Harry R. Cummings, Nahant Newton Garden Club President, Herbert C. Fraser, 48 Eldredge St. Secretary, Mrs. Herbert C. Fraser, 48 Eldredge St. Newtonville Garden Club President, Mrs. A. M. Ziegler, 580 Walnut St. Secretary, Mrs. Arthur W. Church, 59 Judkins St. 60 massachusetts horticultural society Noanett Garden Club President, Mrs. I. Tucker Burr, 169 Commonwealth Ave., Boston Secretary, Mrs. Francis W. Bird, East Walpole North Andover Garden Club President, Mrs. L. S. Bigelow, 1010 Fifth Ave., N. Y. Secretary, Mrs. John Coolidge, 171 Commonwealth Ave., Boston North Attleboro Garden Club President, John J. Bliek, 1077 Mt. Hope St. Secretary, Fred C. Paye, Box 769 North Shore Garden Club of Massachusetts President, Mrs. Henry G. Vaughan, Sherborn Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Ward Thoron, The Lindens, Dan- vers Peabody Garden Club President, Mrs. Frank Taylor, 132 Andover St. Secretary, Mrs. Harold W. Legro, 249 Lynn St. Garden Club of Richmond and Northern Berkshire County President, Mrs. W. Rockwood Gibbs Salem Garden Club President, Willis H. Ropes, Summer St. Secretary, Mrs. Willard B. Porter, 5 Lee St. Scituate Garden Club President, M|rs. Charles E. Monroe, 132 High St., Brookline Secretary, Miss Sarah Williams, 1049 Beacon St., Brookline SOMERVILLE GARDEN CLUB President, Mrs. Frank E. Bateman, 163 Highland Ave. Secretary, Mrs. Lewis Card, 58 Benton Rd. Springfield Garden Club President, Mr. George C. Gardner, 251 Rimmon Ave. Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Gurdon W. Gordon, 90 Dartmouth St., Springfield Stoneham Garden Club President, Mrs. J. P. Hylan, 97 Williams St. Secretary, Mrs. A. J. Kinley, 29 North St. Swampscott Garden Club President, Miss Helen Guild, 222 Commonwealth Ave., Boston Secretary, Mrs. Weston K. Lewis, Woodbine Ave., Swampscott garden clubs in massachusetts 61 Swampscott Little Garden Club President, Mrs. Ethel P. Porter, 37 Ruby Ave., Clifton Secretary, Mrs. E. B. Sprague, 98 Redington St., Swampscott The Garden Club op Greater New Bedford President, Mrs. Etta A. Horton, 609 County St. Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. George H. Sistare, 474 Park St. The Holyoke and Northampton Florists' and Gardeners' Club President, R. S. Carey, South Hadley Palls Secretary, H. S. Sinclair, 166 Oak St., Holyoke Topsfield Garden Club President, Miss Katharine Wellman, The Bellevue, Beacon St., Boston (Winter address). Topsfield (Summer address) Secretary, Mrs. Edgar J. Smith, 19 Hyde St., Newton Highlands (Winter address). Topsfield (Summer address) Wayland Garden Club President, Miss Marian Roby Case, Weston Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Joshua C. Hubbard, Wayland Worcester Garden Club President, Mrs. James E. Whitin, North Uxbridge (Summer ad- dress). 699 Southbridge St., Worcester (Nov. 1 to May 1) Secretary, Mrs. Samuel T. Hobbs, Princeton, Mass. (Summer ad- dress). 216 Park Ave., Worcester (Nov. 1 to May 1) The Centennial Medal The Special Centennial Medal In 1928 the committee on exhibitions decided that it would be wise and appropriate to prepare a special centennial medal to be awarded only in the year 1929. The well-known sculptor, John Francis Paramino, was engaged to design the medal and, at the suggestion of Mrs. Bayard Thayer, used as a motif the seal of the society which is emblematic of the Society's work and which has been in use for many years. The medal was cast by Whitehead & Hoag of Newark, N. J. It is original in form with a base of laurel leaves. These leaves appear on the reverse as well as on the obverse side of the medal. It was voted by the trustees to limit the number of these medals to one hundred, some to be gold, some silver, and some bronze. 62 Gifts to the Library The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with thanks gifts to the Library from the following donors in 1928 : Alabama Geological Survey. Economic botany of Alabama, pt. 2, by R. M. Harper. 1928. Arnold Arboretum. Horticultural advertiser. 1895-1904. 10 vols. A guide to the Arnold Arboretum, by C. S. Sargent; ed. 2. 1925. Burrage, Albert C. A collection of various forms of stoves, used for forcing pine plants, fruit trees, and preserving tender exotics, by W. Robertson. 1798. Cornell University. A study of pogoniris varieties, by A. W. W. Sand. 1925. Hibberd, Ann. Portfolio of water color drawings of mushrooms, by A. Hib- berd. Mayo, Mrs. F. S. Gardening with peat moss, by F. F. Rockwell and W. G. Breitenbucher. 1928. MeKelvey, Mrs. Charles W. The lilac, a monograph, by S. D. MeKelvey. 1928. New York State Museum. Flora of the Allegany State Park region, by H. D. House and W. P. Alexander. 1927. Puffer, William L. Orchids, by E. S. Rand, Jr. 1876. Reychler, Lucien. Mutation with orchids, by L. Reychler. 1928. Robinson, B. L. Local floras of New England, by M. A. Day. 1899. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Hand list of trees and shrubs in the Royal Botanic Gardens; ed. 3. 1925. Smith, Mrs. Harold M. Arboretum et fruticetum Britannicum, by J. C. Loudon. 1838. 8 vols. Thurber, William B., Pres. Cocoa and chocolate, a short history of their production and use, by W. Baker & Co., Ltd. ; rev. ed. 1917. United Fruit Company. The banana: its history, cultivation and place among staple foods, by P. K. Reynolds. 1927. U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. Index to legislative history of acts of Congress involving the U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, comp. by Office of Solicitor. 1912. 63 Library Accessions New books added to the Library in the year 1928 include the following: Allen, J. M., comp. Author and subject index to the publications on plant pathology issued by the state agricultural experiment stations up to December 1, 1927. 1928. American Peony Society. Peonies, the manual of the American Peony Society, ed. by James Boyd. 1928. Andre, E. L'ecole nationale d'horticulture de Versailles, 1890. Ascroft, R. W. Conservation of the nation's vegetation. 1926. Avebury, J. L., 1st baron. Life history of British flowering plants. 1905. Bailey, L. H. The garden lover. 1928. Bailey, L. H. The harvest of the year to the tiller of the soil. 1927. Baker, W. & Co., Ltd. Cocoa and chocolate, a short history of their production and use; rev. ed. 1917. Ball, G. J. Better sweet peas. Berry, J. B. Farm woodlands. 1923. Besler, B. Continuatio rariorum et aspectu dignorum varii generis. 1616. Boerker, R. H. D. Our national forests. 1926. Bolles, F. At the north of Bearcamp Water, "cop 1893, 1917." Bolles, F. Land of the lingering snow. 1892. Boyle, J. E. Marketing of agricultural products. 1925. Boyle, J. G. Vegetable growing. 1917. Brooks, W. P. Soils; ed. 5. 1911. Burbank, L. Harvest of the years. 1927. Cattell, J. M. ; ed. American men of science; ed. 4. 1927. Caus, I. de, illus. Wilton garden: Hortus Penbrochianus. (fac- simile reprint, 189 — ). Chandler, W. H. North American orchards. 1928. Cheyney, E. G. What tree is that? 1927. Child, S. Landscape architecture: a series of letters. 1927. Clute, W. N. The useful plants of the world. 1928. Conover, M. Office of experiment stations. 1924. Coon, N. Small nursery. 1923. Corbett, L. C. Garden farming. 1913. Coulter, J. M. New manual of botany of the central Rocky Moun- tains, by J. M. Coulter and A. Nelson. 1909. Cox, E. H. M. Evolution of a garden. 1927. Cox, E. H. M. The modern English garden. 1927. 64 LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 65 % Cox, E. H. M. Primulas for garden and greenhouse, by E. H. M. Cox and G. C. Taylor. 1928? Craig, W. N. Lilies and their culture in North America. 1928. Cran, M. Garden of experience. Cran, M. Garden of ignorance; new ed. 1924. Dallimore, W. Pruning of trees and shrubs. 1927. Dorn, M. W. The book of twelve for South Florida gardens, by M. W. Dorn and M. S. Douglas. 1928. Drewitt, F. D. Latin names of common plants. 1927. Durand, H. Field book of common ferns. 1928. Ekblaw, K. J. T. Farm concrete. 1917. Ellwanger, G. H. Idyllists of the country side. 1896. Essig, E. 0. Insects of western North America. 1926. Farm and Fireside. Making your own market, comp. from . . . Farm and Fireside by R. Lord and T. Delohery. 1927. Farrer, R. Report of work in 1914/15 in Kansu and Tibet. 1916/17. Fox, H. M. Garden Cinderellas : how to grow lilies in the garden. 1928. French, L. Jr. The smaller houses and gardens of Versailles from 1680 to 1815, by L. French Jr. and H. D. Eberlein. 1926. Garden Club of America. Pronunciation of plant names. 1927. Gardner, V. R. Orcharding, by V. R. Gardner, F. C. Bradford and H. D. Hooker. 1927. Gaskill, A. The planting and care of shade trees. 1912. Genlis, S. F. de. La botanique historique et litteraire. 1810. Gerard, J. Gerard's Herball, the essence thereof distilled by M. Woodward from the edition of T. Johnson, 1636. 1927. Gesellschaft fiir erdkunde. Wissenschaftliche beitrage zum gedachtniss der hundertjahrigen wiederkehr des antritts von Alexander von Humboldt's reise nach Amerika am 5. Juni 1799, aus anlass des 7en internationalen geographen-kongresses herausgegeben von der Gesellschaft fiir erdkunde zu Berlin. 1899. Godard, 0. Jardins de la Cote d' Azur. 1927. Gothein, M. L. History of garden art, trans, by L. A. Hind. 1928. 2v. Greeves-Carpenter, C. F. Care of ornamental trees. 1928. Gregory, C. T. Common garden pests, by C. T. Gregory and J. J. Davis. 1928. Gustafson, A. F. Handbook of fertilizers. 1928. Guyon, H. Notes sur Phorticulture en Allemagne. 1904. Harada, J. The gardens of Japan. 1928. Harper, R. M. Economic botany of Alabama, pt. 2, 1928. 66 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Hawks, E. Pioneers of plant study. 1928. Henslow, T. G. W. Garden renovation. 1926. Heyer, F. Obstbau und obstnutzung in der Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-Amerika. 1886. Hibberd, A. Portfolio of water color drawings of mushrooms. 1928. Higgins, M. M. Little gardens for boys and girls. 1910. Hoare, A. H. English grass orchard and the principles of fruit growing. 1928. Hole, S. R. Book about the garden and the gardener. 1893. Holmes, E. Commercial rose culture; ed. 3. 1928. Hottes, A. C. The book of annuals. 1928. Hottes, A. C. Book of shrubs. 1928. Hottes, A. C. A little book of perennials ; 2d ed. 1927. House, H. D. Flora of the Allegany State Park region, by H. D. House and W. P. Alexander. 1927. Hulme, F. E. Natural history lore and legend. 1895. Hulme, F. E. Plants, their natural growth and ornamental treat- ment. 1874. Hutchinson, F. K. Wychwood, the history of an idea. 1928. Ivey, J. B. Successful dahlia growing in the South. 1927. Jackson, B. D. Glossary of botanic terms; ed. 4. 1928. Janczewski, E. de. Monographic des Groseilliers, Ribes L. 1907. Johnson, A. T. The hardy heaths. 1928. Jongkindt Coninck, A. M. C. Dictionnaire latin, grec, francais, anglais, allemand, hollandais des termes employes en botanique; 2d ed. 1907. Kalm, P. Travels into North America, trans. ... by J. R. Forster ; ed. 2. 1772. 2v. Kauffman, C. H. Agaricaceae of Michigan. 1918. 2v. Knight, T. A. Destructive effects of the aphis, and blights on fruit trees. 1801? Kupper, W. Das Kakteenbuch, ed. by C. Schneider. 1928. Lachaume, J. Les rosiers: culture, multiplication, taille, emploi . . . augm. par G. Bellair; 21st ed. 1928. Lee, H. The vegetable lamb of Tartary. 1887. Lloyd, J. W. Muskmelon production. 1928. Longyear, B. 0. Trees and shrubs of the Rocky Mountain region. 1927. Loudon, J. C. Arboretum et fruticetum Britannicum. 1838. 8v. McKelvey, S. D. The lilac, a monograph. 1928. Macmillan, H. F. Tropical gardening and planting, with special reference to Ceylon; 3rd ed. 1925. Manning, J. W., comp. Plant buyers index, supplement. 1928 1 :;• LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 67 Manger, H. L. Vollstandige anleitung zu einer systematischen Pomologie. 1780-83. 2v. in 1. Marloth, R. Common names of plants. 1917. Martin, J. M. Botany, with agricultural applications; 2d ed. rev. 1920. Mason, A. F. Spraying, dusting and fumigating of plants. 1928. Mattioli, P. Herbar: ginak Bylinar, z. lat. preloz. Thad. Hagek z. Hagku. 1562. Maw, P. T. The practice of forestry. 1912. Mawson, T. H. The life and work of an English landscape archi- tect. 1927. Mcllvaine, F. E. Spring in the little garden. 1928. Mitchell, S. B. Adventures in flower gardening. 1928. Moore, B. Vegetation of Mount Desert Island, Maine, and its environment, by B. Moore and N. Taylor. 1927. Muller, R. T. American greenhouse construction. 1927. Needham, J. G. Leaf -mining insects, by J. G. Needham, S. W. Frost, and B. H. Tothill. 1928. Newman, L. H. Plant breeding in Scandinavia. 1912. Nuttall, T. Travels into Arkansa Territory, 1819; ed. by R. G. Thwaites. 1905. Olmstead, F. L. Frederick Law Olmstead, v. 2. 1928. Osborn, H. F. Impressions of great naturalists. 1924. Paul, H. M. Handbook of the hardy Primula. 1911. Pellett, F. C. Birds of the wild: how to make your home their home. 1928. Phillips, E. F. Beekeeping; rev. ed. 1928. Pieters, A. J. Green manuring, principles and practice. 1927. Powell, F. W. The Bureau of Plant Industry. 1927. Quackenbush, A. T. A. The annuals of flowerland. 1927. Reichow, H. Alte biirgerliche gartenkunst. 1927. Reichsverband des deutschen gartenbaues e. V. Handbuch, 1926. Reychler, L. Mutation with orchids. 1928. Reynolds, P. K. The banana, its history, cultivation and place among staple foods. 1927. Robertson, W. A collection of various forms of stoves, used for forcing pine plants, fruit trees, and preserving tender exotics. 1798. Robinson,. B. L. Biographical memoir George Lincoln Goodale. 1927. • ; Robinson, B. L. Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker. 1928. Rockwell, F. F. Evergreens for the small place. 1928. Rockwell, F. F. Gardening under glass; 2d ed. rev. 1928. 68 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Rockwell, F. F. Gardening with peat moss, by F. F. Rockwell and W. G. Breitenbucher. 1928. Rockwell, F. F. Irises. 1928. Rockwell, F. F. Rock gardens. 1928. Rockwell, F. F. Shrubs. 1927. Rolfs, P. H. Subtropical vegetable gardening. 1916. Rosenthal, W. F. Gartenentwiirfe. 1928. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Hand list of trees and shrubs ; 3rd ed. 1925. Russell, Sir E. J. Soil conditions and plant growth; 5th ed. 1927. Salaman, R. N. Potato varieties. 1926. Sand, A. W. W. A study of pogoniris varieties. 1925. Sanders, F. and Co. Sanders' orchid guide ; rev. ed. 1927. Sargent, C. S. A guide to the Arnold Arboretum; 2d ed. 1925. Sargent, H. W. Skeleton tours through England . . . Poland, and Spain. 1871. Sawyer, R. V. Water gardens and gold fish. 1928. Schlechter, R. Die orchideen; 2d ed. 1927. Schrepfer, F. A. Hardy evergreens. 1928. Sears, F. C. Fruit-growing projects. 1928. Sherlock, C. C. City and suburban gardening. 1928. Silva, E., Conte di Biandrate. Dell' arte dei giardini Inglesi. 1801. Silva-Tarouca, E. Unsere freiland-stauden . . . h'r's'g von E. Graf Silva-Tarouca und C. Schneider; 4th ed. 1927. Simpson, C. T. Ornamental gardening in Florida. 1927. Singer, C. Herbal in antiquity. 1927. Smythe, W. E. City homes on country lanes. 1921. Solly, V. N. Gardens for town and suburb. 1926. Tabor, G. Come into the garden. 1921. Taylor, N. Guide to the wild flowers. 1928. Thayer, C. L. Spring flowering bulbs. 1928. Theophrastus. De causis plantarum, ed. by R. E. Dengler. 1928. Thistle, Donald [pseud.] Appleseed Johnny. 1927. Thomas, W. S. Field book of common gilled mushrooms. 1928. Thouin, G. Plans raisonnes de toutes les especes de jardins ; 2d ed. 1823. Tipping, H. A., ed. English homes of the early Renaissance: Elizabethan and Jacobean houses and gardens. Torrey, B. A rambler's lease. 1889. Torrey, R. H. State parks and recreational uses of state forests in the U. S. 1926. Tukey, H. B. The pear and its culture. 1928. Union list of serials in the libraries of the United States and Canada. 1927. LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 69 U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. Office of Solicitor. Index to legislative history of acts of Congress involving the U. S. Dept. of Agri- culture. 1912. Van Meter, R. A. Bush fruit production. 1928. Venette, N. L'art de tailler les arbres fruitiers. 1683. Viala, P. Les vignes Americaines, par P. Viala and L. Ravaz. 1896. Vick, E. C. Audels gardeners and growers guide. 1928. 4v. Viescher, G. Neuvermehrter blumengarten. 1663. Volz, E. C. Home flower-growing. 1928. Watts, G. S. Roadside marketing. 1928. Waugh, F. A. Hardy shrubs. 1928. Wilder, L. B. Pleasures and problems of a rock garden. 1928. Wilkins, L. Training and employment of educated women in horticulture and agriculture. 1927. Wilson, E. H. More aristocrats of the garden. 1928. Wocke, E. Die kulturpraxis der Alpenpflanzen ; 2d ed. 1928. Wodell, H. P. Beginning to garden. 1928. Wright, W. P. Pictorial practical tree and shrub culture, by W. P. Wright and W. Dallimore. 1905. Wroth, W. London pleasure gardens of the 18th century, by W. Wroth and A. E, Wroth. 1896. Periodicals Currently Received 1928 * Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales. Sidney. * Agricultural Index. New York. American Bee Journal. Hamilton, 111. * American Botanist. Joliet, 111. * American Carnation Society. Proceedings. St. Louis. * American Dahlia Society. Bulletin. New Haven. * American Fern Journal. Auburndale, Mass. * American Forests and Forest Life. Washington, D. C. * American Fruit Grower Magazine. Chicago. * American Home (formerly Garden and Home Builder). Garden City, N. Y. * American Iris Society. Bulletin. Lancaster, Pa. *American Nut Journal. Rochester, N. Y. *American Peony Society. Bulletin. St. Paul, Minn. American Potato Journal. East Lansing, Mich. American Produce Grower. Chicago. *Les Amis des Roses. Lyon, France. * Annals of Botany. London. *Anvers. Societe Royale d'Horticulture et d' Agriculture. Bulletin. Anvers, Belgium. Argentina. Sociedad Rural. Anales. Buenos Aires. * Arnold Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. Boston. '* Arnold Arboretum. Journal. Boston. Aube. Societe Horticole, Vigeronne et Forestiere. Annales. Troyes, France. *Belgique. Societe Royale de Botanique. Bulletin. Bruxelles. *Better Flowers. Portland, Ore. *Better Fruit. Portland, Ore. Better Homes and Gardens. Des Moines, Iowa. *Botanical Society of Edinburgh. Transactions and Proceedings. Edinburgh. *Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Contributions. Yonkers, N. Y. *Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Professional Papers. Yonkers, N. Y. *British Gladiolus Society. Gladiolus Annual. Colchester, England. British Guiana. Board of Agriculture. Journal. Georgetown. *Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Leaflets. Brooklyn, N. Y. *Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Record. Brooklyn, N. Y. *Bryologist. New York. California. Department of Agriculture. Bulletin. Sacramento, *Periodicals kept permanently. 70 PERIODICALS CURRENTLY RECEIVED 1928 71 *California Garden. Point Loma, Calif. * Canadian Entomologist. Guelph, Ont. •Canadian Florist. Peterboro, Ont. * Canadian Gladiolus Society. Bulletin. Hamilton, Ont. •Canadian Horticulturist. Peterboro, Ont. *Le Chrysantheme. Lyon, France. Cornell Countryman. Ithaca, N. Y. Country Gentleman. Philadelphia. Country Life. Garden City, N. Y. •Curtis's Botanical Magazine. London. •Dahlia Society of San Francisco. California Dahlia News. San Francisco. *Ecology. Lancaster, Pa. •Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. Journal. Chapel Hill, N. C. Epernay. Soeiete d'Horticulture et de Viticulture. Bulletin. Epernay. •Experiment Station Record. Washington, D. C. Farm Journal. Philadelphia. *Federated Garden Clubs of New York State. Year book. N. Y. •Flora Batava. Gravenhage, Holland. •Flower Grower. Calcium, N. Y. •Forest Leaves. Philadelphia. •France. Soeiete Nationale d'Horticulture. Bulletin. Paris. •Fruit World of Australasia. Victoria, N. S. W. •Fruits and Gardens. Zeeland, Mich. •Garden Club of America. Bulletin. N. Y. Garden Flowers. Rochester, N. Y. Garden Gossip. Woodberry Forest, Va. •Garden Lover. Melbourne, Australia. •Gardeners' Chronicle. London. •Gardeners' Chronicle (of America). N. Y. •Gardening Illustrated. London. *Gartenflora. Berlin. •Gartenkunst, Frankfurt, Germany. •Gartenschonheit. Berlin. *Gartenwelt. Berlin. •Geisenheimer Mitteilungen iiber Obst-und Gartenbau. Wiesbaden, Germany. •Gladiolus Review. Rochester, N. Y. •Gray Herbarium. Contributions. Cambridge, Mass. •Great Britain. Ministry of Agriculture. Journal. London. Guide to Nature. Sound Beach, Conn. •Home Acres (formerly Farm and Garden). N. Y. •Hoosier Horticulture. Lafayette, Ind, ♦Periodicals kept permanently, 72 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICUI/TURAL SOCIETY Horizons. Ames, Iowa. L'Horticulteur Chalonnaise. Chalon, France, horticultural Society of New York. Year book. New York. *Horticulture. Boston. *L'Horticulture Francaise. Paris. •House and harden. New York. House Beautiful. Boston. *Indiana Academy of Science. Proceedings. Indianapolis. *Indiana Horticultural Society. Transactions. Indianapolis, international Review of Agricultural Economics. Rome. international Review of Agriculture. Rome. *Iowa State Horticultural Society. Transactions. Des Moines, Iowa. * Ireland. Department of Lands and Agriculture. Journal. Dublin. *Japanese Horticultural Society. Journal. Tokyo. *Jardinage. Versailles. Journal d' Agriculture du Sud-ouest. Toulouse, France. •Journal of Agricultural Research. Washington, D. C. *Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. London. •Journal of Economic Entomology. Geneva, N. Y. •Journal of Forestry. Washington, D. C. Journal of the Market Garden Field Station. Waltham, Mass. •Journal of Pomology and Horticultural Science. London. Kansas Gardens. McPherson, Kansas. •Landscape Architecture. Boston. •Linnean Society. Journal. Botany. London. •Lyon-Horticole et Horticulture Nouvelle Reunis. Lyon, France. •Market Growers Journal. Louisville, Ky. •Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. Papers. N. Y. •Minnesota Horticulturist. St. Paul, Minn. •Missouri Botanical Garden. Annals. Lancaster, Pa. •Missouri Botanical Garden. Bulletin. St. Louis, Mo. •Mollers Deutsche Gartner-Zeitung. Berlin. •Morton Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. Lisle, 111. •Mycologia. Lancaster, Pa. •National Horticultural Magazine. Washington, D. C. •National Pecan Exchange News. Albany, Ga. National Plant, Flower and Fruit Guild Magazine. N. Y. Nature — Garden Guide. N. Y. •New England Dahlia Society. Bulletin. New Bedford, Mass. •New England Gladiolus Society. Year book. New England Homestead. Springfield, Mass. •New Flora and Silva. London. •New Jersey Dahlia News. New Brunswick, N. J, periodicals kept permanently. PERIODICALS CURRENTLY RECEIVED 1928 73 *New York Botanical Garden. Bulletin. N. Y. *New York Botanical Garden. Journal. N. Y. *Le Nord Horticole. Lille, France. *Onze Tuinen. Amsterdam. * Orchid Review. London. *Orleans. Societe d'Horticulture d'Orleans et du Loiret. Bulletin. Orleans. Parks and Recreation. Tulsa, Okla. *Petit Jardin. Paris. Philippine Agricultural Review. Manila, P. I. *Pomologie Frangaise. Versailles. Progressive Farmer and Farm Woman. Memphis, Tenn. * Quarterly Journal of Forestry. London. Revista del Litoral. Buenos Aires. *Revue des Eaux de Forets. Paris. *Revue Horticole. Paris. *Rhodora. Boston. Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Boletim. Rio de Janeiro. *Royal Horticultural Society. Journal. London. Rural Digest. Rochester, N. Y. *Rural New Yorker. N. Y. *Scottish Forestry Journal. Edinburgh. *South African Gardening and Country Life. Cape Town, South Africa. Syracuse Rose Society. Quarterly. Syracuse, N. Y. *Torrey Botanical Club. Bulletin. Lancaster, Pa. *Torreya. Lancaster, Pa. *Toscana. Reale Societa di Orticultura. Bulletino. Florence. *Tree Talk. Stamford, Conn. * Tribune Horticole. Bruxelles. Tropical Agriculture. Trinidad, West Indies. U. S. Department of Agriculture. Crops and Markets. Monthly Supplement. Washington, D. C. Victoria. Department of Agriculture. Journal. Melbourne, Australia. Western Horticulture. San Francisco, Calif. *Wild Flower. Cincinnati, Ohio. *Wisconsin State Horticultural Society. Report. Madison, Wis. *Wisconsin Horticulture. Madison, Wis. *Your Garden. Cleveland, Ohio. *Zeitschrift fur Obst-, Wein- und Gartenbau. Dresden, Germany. *Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Planzenschutz. Stutt- gart, Germany. *Periodicals kept permanently. Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission The Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission de- sires to express its grateful thanks to the Trustees of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society for their share in con- tributing to the success of our work during the season of 1928. The radiator in the basement room has made it possible to attend in comfort to the details in connection with the Mission during the cold months. Through the kindness of Miss Marian Roby Case of Weston, who showed her "Pictures of Greece" for the benefit of the Fruit and Flower Mission, and the use of the hall for this lecture, $562 was added to our treasury, thus enabling us to broaden our opportunities for service. In June, also, Miss Case opened Hillcrest Gardens under the auspices of the Evening Alliance of Greater Boston for the benefit of the Mary May Eliot Memorial Fund, a per- manent fund of the Fruit and Flower Mission. From an article in Horticulture we gained a new friend, who sent us jellies from the Cape. During the drug convention at the hall the flowers of the previous day were turned over to us each morning, when the vases were refilled. One of the exhibitors at the gladiolus show sent in a gen- erous contribution of flowers later in the season. Another exhibitor, who had watched our distribution of the exhibits after the flower shows, was instrumental in organizing a committee in another section of New England to superintend the sending of flowers to hospitals after a show. Thus each season the co-operation of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society in our work brings increased results. The space afforded by Horticultural Hall to take care of the contributions of flowers, fruits, vegetables and jellies, 74 BENEVOLENT FRATERNITY FRUIT AND FLOWER MISSION 75 which may be left any day throughout the entire year, pro- vides the opportunity to take advantage of all offers to share the products of the gardens. Through the courtesy of Mayor Nichols we again received the pansy plants from the Public Gardens. The response to our Thanksgiving and Christmas appeal was very generous and our gay little baskets, filled with "goodies," carried holiday cheer to many, many shut-ins, some in hospitals, some bed-ridden and some just old and lonely. Three hundred and ninety-two hampers, an increase of 125 over last year, were received from 24 towns during the 18 weeks of the Summer, and the contents were distributed by volunteer committees from our four centres, the South Bay Union, Robert Gould Shaw House, North End Union and Bulfinch Place Church. Enlarged groups had charge of the hamper work in various localities. More and more are we enlisting the aid of the garden clubs. In two towns the filling of the hamper became a real community project, the efforts of all denominations and societies. The joy of the work of the Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission is that it is absolutely non-sectarian. Its contributors and its helpers are of all faiths and it reaches out to the sick and lonely of all nationalities and all creeds. It acknowledges its indebtedness to the Massachusetts Horticultural Society as a sharer in this service. Emily I. Elliott, Executive Secretary. REPORTS OF THE OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES FOR 1928 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL MEETING JANUARY 14, 1929 WITH A LIST OF THE NEW MEMBERS The Inaugural Meeting The inaugural meeting for 1929 was held at Horticultural Hall the afternoon of Monday, January 14. Vice-President Oakes Ames presided in the absence of the President, who sent the following message by wire : The President's Inaugural Message Members of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society: When your secretary on January 2 granted me leave of absence for two months to get the sunlight of the Golden West, it was conditional upon my sending an inaugural ad- dress for January 14. But how can a rebellious exile, chafing under his enforced absence in this centennial year, send an inaugural from sunny California to frozen Massachusetts, 3,000 miles away? I appreciate deeply my selection as president of your Society, and the great honor you have paid me so many times, and I wish I could be with you at your meeting. It is folly, however, to talk about inaugurating when one cannot even preside. You are now fully concerned with your centennial celebra- tions, and you will be gratified with the report you will re- ceive from your exhibition committee, most able, experienced, thoughtful and solicitous. The Spring exhibition will be out- standing and of great horticultural interest. It will give great joy to a vast number and be most helpful to our community. But I should not speak at this time and distance of things done or arranged, but of things yet undone under the revised by-laws. I can make suggestions to you for future considera- tion ; and two I would like to make to you now after a week of ideal weather in this land of sunshine, of happy homes with trees, shrubs and flowers. I am led to consider what the Massachusetts Horticultural Society is doing to better living conditions in Massachusetts. We have beautiful exhibitions, where the finest plants, flowers, fruits and vegetables are shown, and we reward those who exhibit them with medals and other prizes after careful examination and consideration. We award medals to those who establish and maintain unusually fine gardens in Massa- chusetts. We make awards for the meritorious gardens of 79 80 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY children. We have a magnificent library adapted for easy consultation by all horticulturists. We publish and send free to all members a splendid magazine full of helpful informa- tion. But what are we doing for the home makers, — the mothers who love their gardens and who wish to enjoy them as much as possible? Do we want the simple life or the life of the movies? Are we imitating the garden cottages of Italy, of the Riviera, or Germany, or are we striving to build great bar- racks, which we call apartment houses, where only window boxes thrive ? Are we offering prizes for vine-clad cottages or shrub-filled front yard gardens ? Once in a while we offer some prizes for the back yard, but except in causing the exhibition of suitable plants, are we doing anything special for the front yard? Do the travelers who have been to Egypt bring back recollections of front porches and beautiful gardens and refined homes or do they bring recollections of huts of poverty, of wretchedness, of ignorance, where men and women are but little above beasts of burden? Are we ourselves not like the Egyptians who lived in a multitude of mud huts so they could build a few stone temples for the worship of the sun god? We, in our day, are strenuously building apartment houses in the suburbs in which to live so we can build great banking houses in the city. Are these to be the homes of the future? How can you call such a place a home! How many thousands of farmers' wives in the Middle West were saved from insanity when the party telephone line was allowed on the wire fence ! How many hundreds of thousands of potential good citizens and home builders will New England save from crime by improving the living conditions of the little home before it is too late ? We need not try to duplicate the great entailed landed estates of England, but we can copy the homes of Dresden, and we should, in my opinion. We try to foster appreciation of plants and flowers by giving exhibi- tions; why not also foster the idea of porches for the per- manent appreciation of gardens by their owners, so that they will be more keen to improve them from time to time ? California is growing beyond measure with the incoming hordes of prosperous home seekers from the North and East, who are driven hither by the inclement climate and poor living INAUGURAL MEETING 81 conditions of those sections. Why drive them out ? Why not do more to keep them with us ? We in Massachusetts, on account of the climatic differences, cannot rival the fascinating bunga- low homes of southern California, but we can go a long way towards it by going as far as our climate will permit. No woman ever yet sat on a good front porch that did not want to improve and beautify the front yard with plants and flowers. The race in America today is between the dreary apartment houses of New York and the bungalow homes of California with their porches and gardens. My first suggestion is that the Massachusetts Horticultural Society offer a gold medal to the resident owner of that single house who by building a front or side porch facing the south, east or southeast, improves in 1929 his home the most of any in Massachusetts, as evidenced by photographs taken before and after the building of such a porch, submitted to the Trustees of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society prior to November 1, 1929, who shall make the award. To provide the income for granting such a medal annually, if justified, I hereby give the Massachusetts Horticultural Society $1250. My second suggestion is that we plan to give greater special recognition to those primarily responsible for the superior culture of plants, — that is, the grower, gardener or plantsman who actually does the growing. It is true that we have estab- lished the Thomas Roland G-old Medal for skill in horticulture, but this is broader and may be awarded to those outside of New England. What is needed is the award of some prizes other than money to the actual producer of plants showing very superior culture. For the Centennial Exhibition such a prize, — a $250 gold cup, — is offered by the president, but the Society may well consider the advisability of giving an award at each exhibition for superior merit in gardening. This Society is strong, experienced, well organized, and with its library, its magazine, its expert trustees and com- mittees, it can exercise a potent influence upon the people of Massachusetts and their happiness, and justify the hopes of its founders, 100 years ago, who organized it commune bonum, — for the common good. Albert C. Burrage. Pasadena, Calif* 82 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Report of the Secretary The year 1928 was occupied largely in preparing for the Society's centennial observance. The Exhibition Committee became especially active after the Trustees decided upon a great centennial exhibition to be held in March in Mechanics Building. It seemed for a time as though all efforts to obtain the use of Mechanics Building on suitable dates would fail, but eventually the automobile show was set forward two weeks in order to give this Society the use of the halls late in March, but early enough to avoid conflicting with Easter. This happy solution of the difficulty was brought about through the kind- ness of Chester I. Campbell, manager of the automobile show. At the end of the year the Exhibition Committee had brought its plans to a point which indicated that the centen- nial exhibition would, without question, be the greatest plant and flower show ever held in New England, occupying prac- tically the entire building. The President worked with this committee all through the year, and in the Spring gave a luncheon at his home in Manchester which was attended by representatives of the Gardeners' and Florists' Club, the Nurserymen's Association, and most of the other trade organ- izations. This meeting resulted in bringing about the close co-operation of these organizations, particularly the Massa- chusetts Nurserymen's Association, the members of which have agreed to provide all the trees which may be needed for decorative purposes at the show. There will be several hundred of these trees, either in tubs or pots, or with their roots balled. Many of them will be carried along in Horti- cultural Hall until the opening of the show at Mechanics Building. In the course of the year several special committees were appointed, one of which will have the task of selecting the many cups or pieces of plate which will be given as prizes, and will be purchased with the contributions of the Society's friends, the total amounting to some $5,000. This committee, consisting of Mr. Edwin S. Webster, Mr. Walter Hunnewell, Mr. John S. Ames and Mrs. Bayard Thayer, will also have the selection of the gold cup costing $1,000 which is to be the premier award, Winning Still Life Picture at the Spring Show in Boston, 1928 84 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY This committee likewise has in hand the work of arrang- ing for a special centennial medal to be used only in 1929. Through the efforts of the President, John Francis Para- mino, a leading sculptor and a former associate of Augustus St. Gaudens, has been employed to make the design for the medal, which will be unique in form and execution. At the suggestion of Mrs. Thayer, it was voted to have Mr. Para- mino employ the motif found on the seal of the Society. The Exhibition Committee has worked in close touch with a committee from the garden clubs, with Mrs. Edward Wigglesworth as chairman. The garden clubs have been allotted space on both the main floor and the second floor of Mechanics Building for the centennial exhibition, and will stage many elaborate groups. Although special emphasis is being placed on the centen- nial exhibition in March, the centennial spirit will pervade all the exhibitions of the year, and many of the medals to be awarded will be centennial medals. The centennial year will be further observed by a special exhibition in the Autumn, which will begin on October 30 and last for five days. This exhibition will be held in Horticultural Hall, but will be planned on a large scale. The centennial of the Society will also be marked by the preparation of a history covering the entire 100 years and including the 1929 celebration. The preparation of this his- tory is in the hands of a committee composed of the Presi- dent and the ex-Presidents, who have employed Mr. A. Emerson Benson to write the history. Mr. Benson gave most of his time throughout the year to going over the records and making notes in preparation for the actual work of writing the book. Fifty years ago a history covering the first half century of the Society's existence was written, but it has been deemed best to have the new history cover the entire span of the Society's life and to give it a somewhat popular character, with the thought in mind that a reason- ably large edition may be disposed of to members of this and similar organizations. Several of the Trustees, particularly the President and Mr. Roland, were very active in connection with the exhibi- tion of the American Orchid Society which was held in INAUGURAL MEETING 85 Madison Square Garden, New York City, May 10, 11 and 12. This Society voted several gold and silver medals for award at the Orchid Show. The garden committee had an active season, visiting gar- dens in many parts of the state. In its report to the Trustees 'October 15, the committee recommended that the Society's gold medal be given to the Richard T. Crane Estate at Ipswich, a silver medal to Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Abbott for their place at West Manchester, and to Mr. and Mrs. Clement S. Houghton for the development of their estate in Chestnut Hill, a certificate to Mr. and Mrs. Moses Lyman of Long- meadow and a certificate to Mrs. Robert C. Allen of Worces- ter. Mrs. Homer Gage of Shrewsbury was chairman of this committee. In its annual report made on November 16, the George Robert White Medal of Honor Committee recommended that the award for 1928 be made to Col. William Boyce Thompson of Yonkers, N. Y., in recognition of his services in dedicating a great tract of land in Arizona for the development of the desert flora and in establishing the Boyce Thompson Plant Research Laboratory. The Trustees also voted to award the Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal to Mr. T. D. Hatfield of Wellesley, and the Thomas Roland Medal to Mr. E. G. Hill of Richmond, Ind. The details of all these awards have been published in Horticulture. At a meeting of the Trustees on November 16 the library committee was authorized to make a special exhibition in Horticultural Hall, coincident with the centennial exhibition in Mechanics Building. This exhibition will show the progress of the library through the 100 years of its existence, and will include many rare and very interesting books, along with other material. It is hoped that many persons who visit the centennial exhibition will also visit this supplementary exhibi- tion in Horticultural Hall. At the end of the year the Massachusetts Horticultural Society found itself with the largest membership in its exist- ence, a total of 5,178. During the year, 1,180 members joined the Society. The fact that the life membership is less than it was one year ago, however, is unfortunate. Twenty-six life members have passed away during the year, a larger number 86 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY than was added. The Society needs more life members, and it is to be hoped that the number of additions in 1929' will be materially increased. This is perhaps the weakest point in the Society's situation at the present time. The total number of deaths during the year was 49, and included several mem- bers who had been on the rolls for a great many years. The receipts from rentals were less in 1928 than in 1927 because of the fact that the Food Fair was not held in Horti- cultural Hall this year, but in Mechanics Building. This change was made because larger quarters were desired and through no criticism of the service given here. The loss of this show, however, meant a difference of nearly $2,000 in the total revenue from rentals. The hall has been rented 52 times in the course of the year, bringing in a total of $6,222.44. The growth of Horticulture and the increased activities of the library will be shown in another report. They have made it necessary to increase the staff, and have resulted in making all of the Society's work better known. Throughout the year the Society's associations with its kin- dred organizations in New York, Philadelphia, Worcester and other places have been friendly and helpful. The Secretary and other members attended the opening of the Worcester County Horticultural Society's splendid new building in the Spring, and were warmly entertained. The Secretary desires to testify to the helpful co-operation of the members of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society throughout the year, and is especially grateful to the Trustees for their generous support and unfailing good will. E. I. Farrington, Secretary. INAUGURAL MEETING 87 Report of the Treasurer Income Income from Investments and Bank Interest $26,392 57 " Rents 6,222 44 " Membership Fees 8,204 00 " Sale of Lots in Mt. Auburn Cemetery 2,754 52 " Exhibitions 12,556 00 " Centennial Exhibition 115 00 " Library Catalogue 30 00 " Donations 5 00 " Lecture Tickets 32 50 " Incidentals 207 60 Donations to Fruit Prizes 125 00 " " Medals 120 00 " " Centennial Exhibition Prizes 2,260 00 Returned from Horticulture 5,000 00 $64,024 63 Expenses Operating Expense $48,471 10 Viz: Labor $7,781 64 Salaries 13,922 18 Lighting 2,018 68 Heating 1,290 86 Incidentals 4,188 65 Stationery and Printing 3,277 87 Repairs 1,540 63 Library 1,522 32 Insurance 6,683 71 Exhibitions 4,929 61 Centennial Exhibition 1,314 95 Prizes $ 3,132 50 Viz: Plants and Flowers in excess of income from special funds . . $2,242 50 Fruits in excess of income from special funds 82 00 Vegetables in excess of income from special funds 354 00 Children's Gardens 454 00 Expenditure by Committees $ 3,113 63 Viz : Lectures and Publications .... $ 719 32 Medals 1,969 31 88 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Plants and Flowers 220 00 Fruits 110 00 Vegetables 95 00 Expenses Paid from Funds $ 2 Oil 87 Viz : John D. W. French Fund $ 434 57 John C. Chaffin Fund 26 00 Benjamin V. French Fund . . . 107 00 John Allen French Fund 219 00 Samuel Appleton Fund 15 00 John Lewis Russell Fund 25 00 Josiah Bradlee Fund 74 00 John A. Lowell Fund 40 00 Henry A. Gane Fund 40 00 Theodore Lyman Fund 540 00 John S. Farlow Fund 92 30 H. H. Hunnewell Fund 183 00 William J. Walker Fund 74 00 Levi Whitcomb Fund 15 00 Benjamin B. Davis Fund 42 00 Marshall P. Wilder Fund 11 00 John S. Farlow, Newton Hort. Society Fund 74 00 Subscriptions to Horticulture $ 3,422 82 Miscellaneous 350 00 Total Expenditures $60,501 92 Excess of Income over Expenditures 3,522 71 $64,024 63 Membership Life Members, December 31, 1927 829 Added in 1928 11 Changed from annual 1 By Vote of Trustees 6 847 Deceased 26 821 Annual Members, December 31, 1927 3,445 Added in 1928 1,169 4,61.4 INAUGURAL MEETING 80 Changed to Life 7 Deceased 23 Discontinued 227 257 4,357 Holding for 1928 dues 330 4,027 Membership, December 31, 1928 4,848 Life Membership Fees 11 New Life Members at $50 $550.00 1 Annual Member changed to Life 50.00 $600.00 Income from Membership 1169 New Annual Members at $2 $2,338.00 Annual Members Dues 5,598.00 Dues in arrears paid up 140.00 Annual dues paid in advance 128.00 $8,204.00 List of Bonds and Stocks Held by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society $11,300 Pere Marquette R. R. Co. 5% Bonds, 1956 $ 9,933.75 50,000 Chicago, Burlington & Quincy R. R. 111. Div. 3y 2 % Bonds, 1949 50,000.00 8,000 Boston & Maine R. R. 4y 2 % Bonds, 1944 8,000.00 4,000 Interborough Rapid Transit 5% Bonds, 1966 3,920.00 4,000 American Telephone & Telegraph Co. Conv. 4% Bonds, 1936 4,000.00 20,000 Atlantic Refining Co. 5% Bonds, 1937 19,940.00 10,000 American Telephone & Telegraph Co. Conv. 4 1 /2% Bonds, 1933 8,396.00 12,000 Pacific Telephone Co. 5% Bonds, 1937 11,670.00 10,000 New York Central R. R. Co. 5% Bonds, 2013 9,950.00 11,000 Consolidated Electric Co. Gen'l Mtge. 5% Bonds, 1955 10,010.00 10,000 Southern California Telephone Co. 5% Bonds, 1947. . 9,550.00 5,000 American Telephone & Telegraph Co. 5% Bonds, 1946 4,973.75 3,000 Chicago Junction Rys. & Union Stock Yards 5% Bonds, 1940 2,824.50 5,000 New England Telephone & Telegraph Co. 5% Bonds, 1952 4,982.50 13,000 Southern Public Utilities 5% Bonds, 1943 11,862.50 5,000 Western Electric Co. 5% Bonds, 1944 4,825.00 15,000 Yadkin River Power Co. 5% Bonds, 1941 15,077.50 90 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 3,000 Philadelphia Suburban Water Co. 1st Mtge. 5% Bonds, 1955 2,955.00 10,000 New Jersey Power & Light Co. 5% Bonds, 1956 9,950.00 15,000 Indianapolis Gas Co. 5% Bonds, 1952 14,775.00 15,000 Fisk Rubber Co. 5%% Notes, 1931 14,737.50 15,000 Columbus Electric & Power Co. 5% Bonds, 1954. . . . 14,700.00 10,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co. 5%% Bonds, 1949. . 10,150.00 20,000 Portland Gas & Coke Co. 5% Bonds, 1940 19,900.00 6,000 Commonwealth Edison Co. Coll. 4y 2 % Bonds, 1956.. 5,745.00 25,000 State of New South Wales 5% Bonds, 1957 24,062.50 5,000 Utah Power & Light Co. 1st Mtge. 5 % Bonds, 1944. . 4,900.00 15,000 Georgia Power Co. 1st & Ref . 5% Bonds, 1967 14,550.00 10,000 Public Utilities Corp. 5%% Bonds, 1947 9,925.00 15,000 Railway & Light Securities 5% Bonds, 1951 14,587.50 12,000 New York Power & Light Corp. 1st Mtge. 4y 2 % Bonds, 1967 11,490.00 5,000 American-European Securities Co. Coll. 5% Bonds, 1958 5,000.00 25,000 Shawinigan Water & Power Co. Coll. 4y 2 % Bonds, 1968 24,625.00 4,000 United States Steel Corp. 5% Bonds, 1963 4,035.00 7,000 Shell Pipe Line orp. Deb. 5% Bonds, 1952 6,860.00 5,000 Western Union Telegraph Co. 5% Bonds, 1938 4,982.50 548 Shs. General Electric Co. Common "^ 726 " General Electric Co. Special 1 7,595.00 182 " Electric Bond & Share Securities Corp. J 500 " Consolidated Gas Co. of New York, Preferred 46,480.00 $461,920.50 John S. Ames, Treasurer. Report of the Committee on the Library The library has again had a prosperous year. In spite of an unusually quiet Summer, 2,958 books were loaned, 305 more than in 1927 and 1,004 more than in 1926. These books went not only to members in the neighborhood of Boston, but to some as far away as Florida, Georgia and California. These figures of books loaned, however, represent only a part of the library's activity, for in many cases the books can be supplied only after considerable time and study have been given to the problem the books are to solve. The inter- INAUGURAL MEETING 91 ests of the readers have been varied. A landscape architect planning to go abroad has read exhaustively upon the gardens of Italy. Owners of new homes have studied the principles of good domestic design, and established house- holders have worked out improvements. Several professional horticulturists have used the trade catalogue collection to trace the history of their specialties, and growers of fruits, vegetables and flowers of all kinds have come for practical suggestions for their culture. Other institutions — horticul- tural societies, arboreta and botanic gardens, departments of agriculture and research organizations have on occasions been given information they could obtain nowhere else. Three hundred and seventy volumes were added to the library in 1928. Among them, by purchase and by gift, were several rare works of considerable value, as well as the best of the current publications from many parts of the world. The bindings of many of our oldest and choicest volumes have been showing the effects of age and of modern heat, and have been much in need of treatment. During the past year the committee has given the problem careful study, and has secured the services of an expert for the work. One hundred and seventy-two volumes have been put in good condition by her, and the work has been done with a proper regard for the desirability (both artistic and financial) of preserving the original bindings as far as possible. As there are still many such volumes in need of attention, the work is to continue in 1929. The Committee has kept in constant touch with the work of the library, and has met monthly except during the Summer. Nathaniel T. Kidder, Chairman. Products of Children's Gardens The exhibition of the products of children's gardens was held in Horticultural Hall, Boston, on August 25 and 26. There were fewer exhibits of vegetables than usual because of the wet season, but the exhibits of flowers were better INAUGURAL MEETING 93 arranged than before and more care had been taken to have the flowers fresh. After the large class had had its prizes awarded, the best exhibit in this class was found to be away from the rest in the smaller hall. As the children had seen to which exhibits the prizes had been given it was thought best by the judges to award a well-merited medal to this exhibit. Another medal was awarded to Frances Franchitto for a vase of beautiful red Commonwealth and pink Templar roses from her garden at 176 Florence Street, Roslindale. This garden was afterwards visited and found to consist of three border beds against the house. Frances was at home and said that her mother took most of the care of the garden but that she helped her. There were about 25 rose bushes in these beds showing good clean foliage and a bud was coming into bloom showing the color of the Commonwealth rose. M. R. Case, Chairman, Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens. Report of the Committee on Prizes In its schedule for the year 1928 the Society offered a premium list of $5,623. The total aw T ards, including gratui- ties of $245, amounted to $3,985, leaving a balance of $1,638. The President offered a $100 cup at each of the exhibitions, of which four were awarded as follows : To the bulb garden of Mrs. Homer Gage at the Spring Show. To peony seedlings of Professor A. P. Saunders at the Peony Show. To herbaceous and rock plants of the Bay State Nur- series at the Dahlia Show. To a chrysanthemum group of Edwin S. Webster at the Autumn Show. During the year six gold medals were awarded in addition to 12 exhibition gold medals, 35 silver medals and 19 bronze medals. To new and noteworthy plants the following awards were made : seven first-class certificates, 20 awards of merit, nine votes of commendation and eight for horticultural skill. 94 massachusetts horticultural society Exhibitions In the year 1928 seven exhibitions were held, one, as usual, being devoted to the products of children's gardens. The Spring Exhibition on the whole was not so good, notable outstanding features being fewer than usual. The garden club exhibits were better than ever before. The most worthy exhibit was Mrs. Homer Gage's bulb garden, which occupied the end of the large hall. It was a fine piece of work and reflected the greatest credit on Mrs. Homer Gage and her skillful superintendent, Allen Jenkins. This exhibit was awarded the President's Cup and the Horticultural Society of New York Gold Medal as the most original in the whole show. Mr. Thomas Roland put up a small but effective group of Acacias, which was awarded the Pennsylvania Society's Gold Medal as the most artistic exhibit present. However, it takes more than one or two exhibits to make a fine exhibition, and while all our shows were strong in spots the average was below the usual. At the Autumn Exhibition Mr. A. C. Burrage's exhibit of hybrid Cattleya and Laelia orchids and Mr. T. Roland's exhibit of cypripediums were extraordinarily good. The season, or, at any rate, the dates on which our shows fell did not favor gladioli or dahlias, and the exhibitions of both these popular flowers were below the average. Iris do not figure as prominent exhibits at the shows. These beauti- ful flowers, as a matter of fact, do not look well when cut and placed in glass containers. Flowers The standard of former years was in general maintained and in several individual cases excelled, but our shows missed the fine displays of gladioli and dahlias. At the Peony Exhibition a notable exhibit was that of the peony seedlings raised by Professor A. P. Saunders. His new Moutan Paeonia Argosy, a soft glowing yellow, was one of the most delightful flowers seen. At the Autumn Show chrysanthe- mums were better than for many years past and the exhibit by Mr. Edwin S. Webster, set up by his superintendent, Peter Arnot, was one of the finest displays of its kind staged these many years. It was fittingly awarded the INAUGURAL MEETING 95 President's Cup. The nurserymen again made good exhibits at the Autumn Exhibition. This show is beginning to rival the Spring Exhibition in importance and it would appear as if the time has come to make it a more prominent and more important event in the Society's annual calendar of exhibi- tions. This can be done best by enlarging the schedule and increasing the value of the prizes. The question of making it a paid show might well be contemplated. Fruits At the Autumn Exhibition there was a good display of apples and another one of grapes, but on the whole fruit did not measure up to expectations or standards. Vegetables At one or two exhibitions there were good exhibits staged but they were not so good as those of 1927. It would appear that the art of growing fruit and vegetables, or at least the interest in these invaluable subjects, gets less and less every year. Apparently we are content to let the commercial grower, especially of Florida and California, supply our tables with these necessary items. This is to be regretted since no one denies that the finest of both are those which are grown and gathered fresh from the home garden. The judges fulfilled their exacting duties to the satisfac- tion of all concerned and once more it is the pleasant duty of the Committee on Prizes to record its appreciation of the sound judgment, fairness of spirit and harmonious working of the judges of flowers, fruit and vegetables throughout the year. E. H. Wilson, Chairman. Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications Twelve lectures at a total cost of $744.32 were delivered before the members of the Society during the year 1928, as below. That on Mushrooms was paid out of the John L. Russell Fund for Lectures on Fungi. Modern Garden Design, by Sir Lawrence Weaver, Febru- ary 13, 1928. 96 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Gardens of the North Shore, by Herbert W. Gleason, March 14, 1928. Four Week Course in Garden Design, by Bradford Wil- liams, starting April 9, 1928. The Beardless Iris, by John C. Wister, June 17, 1928. Annuals for the Home Garden, by Clark L. Thayer, June 23, 1928. Cultivation of the Peony, by Paul L. Battey, June 24, 1928. Arrangement of Cut Flowers, by B. F. Letson, August 19, 1928. Packing and Shipping Gladioli, by H. E. Meader, August 19, 1928. Mushrooms, by Professor Charles Carroll Dodge, Novem- ber 4, 1928. The four lectures on garden design by Mr. Bradford Wil- liams were given as a course on this subject. On the whole, the lectures, as in former years, were well attended. In March the fifth Year Book of the Society was issued. In this are published details concerning the principal activ- ities of the Society for the year. Horticulture Illustrated It is extremely satisfactory to be able to record another successful year for Horticulture Illustrated. On January 1, 1927, the paid circulation was 13,200 ; today it is 16,000, while the total number printed is 18,500. Last year we were able to state that our paper circulated in every state in the union except New Mexico. Today I am happy to say that even New Mexico has capitulated. Horticulture Illustrated now has sub- scribers in every state in the union as well as in Canada and in twenty -nine foreign countries. The volume of advertising- carried during 1928 amounted to $29,408.74, being an increase of $7,077.37. The total receipts for the year amounted to $45,983.37. The expenses were $39,147.16, leaving a balance on hand of $6,806.21. The Committee on Lectures and Publications has in con- sequence of this successful year been able to transfer to the Society the sum of $5,000, leaving Horticulture with a balance on January 1 of $1,806.21. Members will note that the cover proposition has been solved in an ingenious yet business way. It is sold as an advertising page together with the back cover fed 5s- Co © <sj © Co © Co 98 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY but the editor controls the picture that shall appear on the front page and the advertiser's name appears only in small letters at the foot of the page. Last year the quality of the paper was improved and this year we are going a step further in this direction, our main desire being to improve the char- acter of the illustrations. These we feel have not yet reached the standard worthy of the paper and of the Societies whose organ it is. The success of Horticulture is due, undoubtedly, to the fact that it supplies a want and serves the ever growing army of garden enthusiasts. Its contents are always varied in char- acter, the editor's object being to leave no field of horticulture unaided. To the perspicacity and loyal devotion of our editor and secretary, Mr. E. I. Farrington, the success of Horticul- ture Illustrated in 1928, as in other years, is largely due. E. H. Wilson, Chairman. Report of Committee on Exhibitions Your Committee on Exhibitions is obliged to report a decrease in attendance, during 1928, at the shows of our Society. This is an unpleasant duty, especially because several previous years had shown an increase from year to year, which we had hoped would continue. Inquiry seems to yield evidence that no special or local conditions are responsible for this. Flower shows in other places seem to have suffered similarly, and even entertainments of various sorts given for charities or institutional work appear to have had a falling off in attendance and in receipts. There seems to be no connection between the decrease in attendance and the charge for admission. The number visit- ing the free shows has been less in proportions similar to the variation in attendance at the large Spring show where admission was charged. Non-members paid $12,481.00 to see the Spring show. This is the largest amount taken at any show of the Society in recent years but does not mean the largest attendance, as the admission was one dollar for three days, where formerly it had been fifty cents through- REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXHIBITIONS 99 out the show. The publicity for this show was managed by Mr. Chester I. Campbell, whom we think again demonstrated the advantage of expert handling of publicity. The Massachusetts garden clubs again co-operated at the Spring show and their exhibits were more numerous and in greater variety than formerly. Their assistance was valuable, and without it our show would certainly lack some of its outstanding features. The Exhibition Committee takes this opportunity to thank sincerely Mrs. S. P. Wigglesworth, general chairman, and all of those who contributed so generously of time and material, using great and successful efforts to get remarkable results. We also had the helpful co-operation of the American Peony Society, the New England Gladiolus Society and the New England Dahlia Society at the Summer shows. The Exhibition Committee also expresses its appreciation of all those who aided in making these shows so success- ful. The hearty co-operation of many is essential, and our Society is fortunate in having a membership and friends who respond heartily to a call to help in this service of making horticulture more loved and better appreciated. To enhance the general desire for community cleanliness and beauty, and for individual interest and participation, is always commendable. The results are increased delight, sometimes cheer and sometimes solace, but always pleasure. Thomas Roland, Chairman. Membership in the Massachusetts Horticultural Society The constitution of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society- fixes the annual dues at $2.00. For many years it was cus- tomary to charge an admission fee of $10.00, but by vote of the Trustees this requirement has been set aside for the entire year of 1929. Until the end of this year the only charge to new members will be $2.00, although this sum does not cover the cost to the Society of the publications which they will receive. Life membership is obtained by paying the sum of $50.00, no further charge ever being required. Annual members who have paid the entrance fee of $10.00 in past years may become life members by paying $40.00 additional. All members receive an identification card, which should be presented when books are borrowed from the library. Any man or woman in any part of the country who is properly endorsed may make application for membership. New members are needed in order to increase the influence of the Society, and to broaden the scope of its work. Application blanks may be obtained by writing to The Secretary, Horticultural Hall, Boston, Mass. NOTE — The secretary is glad to have present members send in the names of friends who might like to become enrolled. 100 Necrology The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society whose deaths have been reported during the year 1928 : Frederic Amory Mrs. George F. Arnold Clarence A. Backer Miss A. S. Bailey Edward D. Blake Mrs. J. A. L. Blake Anton Bulk Mrs. Mary D. Burdett William H. Burgess Henry R. Comley Miss Harriet L. Crosby Joseph H. Curtis Miss Florence M. Cushing George T. Dexter Azro M. Dows William B. H. Dowse Mrs. Harry A. Edgerly William Falconer Herbert E. Fales Mrs. H. M. Field Mrs. William C. Fisher Harry E. Fiske Irving B. Frost Mrs. Fred Hill Oscar Hosmer Charles H. Hyde Mrs. George Taylor Leigh Mrs. Abbie M. Leland Miss Cora J. Leland Otis H. Luke George Rainsford Martin Alexander McKay George H. Morgan Charles H. Morse Robert C. Morse Rev. William W. Newton William Nicholson Mrs. Warren Ordway Mrs. Henrietta Page John J. Richards James E. Roth well Will Rounds Frederick LeRoy Sargent George F. Schrafft Justin E. Varney Mrs. Frank L. Wesson Charles T. White Dr. Leon E. White William Whitman Corresponding Members Monsieur Joseph Pernet-Ducher Sir W. T. Thiselton Dyer, K.C., M.G., F.R.S. The Rt. Hon. The Lord Lambourne, P.C., C.V.O., V.M.H. 101 Massachusetts Horticultural Society Honorary Members 1900 Dr. Henry S. Pritchett, New York Corresponding Members 1925 D. M. Andrews, Boulder, Colorado. 1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Director of the Agricultural College, Madras, India. 1921 J. F. Bailey, Director of the Botanic Gardens, Adelaide, South Australia. 1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, N. Y. 1925 F. R. S. Baleour, Dawyck, Stobo, Peebleshire, Scotland. 19.11 W. J. Bean, Royal Gardens, Kew, England 1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France. 1925 James Boyd, Haverford, Pa. 1925 I. H. Burkill, F. L. S., care the Royal Gardens, Kew. 1925 G. H. Cave, Darjeeling, India. 1922 Joseph Edgar Chamberlin, Boston, Mass. 1918 Leon Chenault, Orleans, France. 1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Director of the Royal Horticultural Society Gardens, Wisley, Ripley, Surrey, England. 1925 Woon Young Chun, Botanical Dept., Southeastern Univer- sity, Nanking, China. 1921 Allister Clark, Glenara, Bulla, Victoria, Australia. 1921 Dr. Leonard Cockayne, Ngaio, Wellington, New Zealand. 1925 Henri Correvon, Geneva, Switzerland. 1925 G. W. Darnell- Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gar- dens, Sydney, New South Wales. 1925 Henry F. du Pont, Winterthur, Delaware. 1925 Pierre S. du Pont, Wilmington, Delaware. r 1918 William C. Eagan, Highland Park, 111. 1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S., Suffolk, England. 1925 I. B. Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director Botanical Survey, Pretoria, South Africa. 1925 G. Frazier, Ucuelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Director of the Botanic Gar- den, Trinidad. 1900 Beverly T. Galloway, Department of Agriculture, Washing- ton, D. C. 1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota. 1925 Miss M. C. Hastie, Magnolia Gardens, S. C. 102 MEMBERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 103 1911 Professor U. P. Hedrick, Geneva, N. Y. 1907 Dr. Augustine Henry, Dublin, Ireland. 1925 Joseph Hers, Tung Chang Hutung, Peking, China. 1925 William Hertrick, San Gabriel, California. 1925 Hermann A. Hessie, Weener, Germany. 1925 M. Robert Hickel, Versailles, France. 1925 A. H. Hill, Dundee, 111. 1925 Arthur W. Hill, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, Eng- land. 1925 E. G. Hill, Richmond, Ind. 1925 E. Hillier, Winchester, England. 1897 J. W. Hoffman, Orangeburg, S. C. 1925 R. E. Horsey, Rochester, N. Y. 1925 Professor H. H. Hu, National Southeastern University, Nan- king, China. 1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. 1925 Hon. William M. Jardine, Secretary of Agriculture, Wash- ington, D. C. 1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, N. Y. 1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia. 1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, N. Y. 1875 G. F. B. Leighton, Norfolk, Virginia. 1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France. 1925 Gerald W. E. Loder, M.A., F.L.S., Sussex, England. 1925 Donald MacGregor, Shanghai, China. 1925 Dr. Rudolph Marloth, Capetown, South Africa. 1925 Sir John S. Maxwell, Pollokshaws, Scotland. 1925 The Rt. Hon. Sir Herbert E. Maxwell, Bart., F.R.S., D.C.L., Wigtownshire, North Britain. 1875 F. C. Maxwell, Geneva, N. Y. 1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California. 1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pa. 1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pa. 1911 Wilhelm Miller, University of Illinois, Urbana, 111. 1925 Rev. E. M. Mills, D.D., Laguna Beach, California. 1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Director of the Botanic Garden, Sapporo, Japan. 1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland. 1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Mo. 1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada, 104 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 1887 Sir Daniel Morris, K.C.M.G., 14 Crabton Close, Boscombe, Hants, England. 1925 Mr. Joy Morton, Chicago, Illinois. 1919 M. Seraphin Joseph Mottet, Verrieres-le-Buisson (Seine-et- Oise), France. 1925 F. R. Newbold, New York, N. Y. 1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-surVernisson (Loiret), France. 1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, Warlingham, Surrey, England. 1925 Miss Isabel Preston, Ottawa, Canada. 1925 Johannes Rafn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark. 1894 Cavaliere Enrico Raguso, Palermo, Sicily. 1925 Dr. Robert Ridgway, Olney, Illinois. 1906 Dr. Henry L. Ridley, care Royal Gardens, Kew. 1898 Benjamin Lincoln Robinson, Ph.D., Curator of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, Cambridge. 1875 William Robinson. East Grinstead, Sussex, England. 1921 L. Rodway, C. M. G., Government Botanist and Secretary, Botanic Gardens, Hobart, Tasmania. 1899 William Salway, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1925 Camillo Schneider, Charlottenburg, Germany. 1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba. 1925 Professor William Wright Smith, Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh, Scotland. 1925 Dr. H. Spaeth, Berlin-Baumschulenweg, Germany. 1925 Dr. Otto Stapf, London, England. 1921 David Tannock, Superintendent, Botanic Gardens, Dunedin, New Zealand. 1893 Professor William Trelease, Urbana, HI. 1921 M. Jacques de Vilmorin, Paris, France. 1912 Professor Hugo de Vries, University of Amsterdam, Amster- dam, Holland. 1918 F. Gomer Waterer, Bagshot, Surrey, England. 1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. 1919 J. C. Williams, Gorran, Cornwall, England. 1906 Miss Ellen Willmott, Great Warley, Essex, England. 1911 E. H. Wilson, Jamaica Plain, Mass. 1921 Gurney Wilson, Richmond, Surrey, England. 1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Pa. 1901 Professor L. Wittmack, Secretary of the Royal Prussian Horticultural Society, Berlin. 1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England. NEW MEMBERS IN 1928 Abbott, Mr. Harold T., Medford. Abbott, Mrs. Harrie, Maiden. Abbott, Mr. Ralph F., Danvers. Abbott, Mr. Samuel A. B., Rome, Italy. Adams, Mrs. L. Sherman, Wellesley. Adams, Mrs. Samuel, Dorchester. Adams, Mr. Wilnian E., Brookline. Adshead, Mr. Ernest, Sr., Auburn. Alcaide, Mrs. Antonio, Brookline. Allen, Mrs. G. Howard, Arlington. Allen, Mrs. J. Irving, Woburn. Allen, Mr. John K. Brookline. Allen, Mr. Leon T., West Medford. Allen, Mrs. Philip R., Walpole. Allen, Dr. Robert, Attleboro. Allen, Mrs. William A., Marlboro. Allen, Mr. William L., Chestnut Hill. Ames, Miss Edith, Bridgewater. * Anderson, Caroline P., Brookline. Anderson, Mrs. Charles W., Maiden. Andrews, Mrs. Edward A., Newton Centre. Andrews, Miss Katharine H., West Roxbury. Andrews, Mrs. Richard P., Roxbury. Angert, Mr. Eugene H., St. Louis, Mo. Anthony, Mr. A. C, Marblehead. Applebee, Mrs. James W., East Lynn. Armstrong, Mrs. Richard, Boston. Arnold, Mrs. Henry, Dorchester. Aronson, Miss Lillian, Chelsea. Arthur, Mr. Franklin, Chebeagne, Me. Atwood, Mrs. I. P., Melrose. Ault, Mrs. Charles, Auburn, Maine. Austin, Mr. Fred W., Manchester-by- the Sea. Austin, Mr. George Barker, Holbrook. Austin, Mr. James W., Dover. Austin, Miss Laura C, Somerville. Austin, Mrs. W. D., Boston. Avery, Mrs. G. L., Newton Centre. Ayer, Mrs. F. Wayland, Newton Centre. Babbitt, Mrs. A. F., Hudson. Babbitt, Miss Ina F., Hudson. Bacon, Mrs. W. Bartlett, Brookline. Bacon, Mr. William, Brookline. Bacon, Mrs. William, Boston. Bacon, Mr. William H., Cambridge. Badger, Mrs. Charles K., Newton Centre. Bagley, Mr. Ray C, South Peabody. Bailey, Mrs. Jane V., Lynn. Bailey, Mrs. Sidney E., Swampscott. Bakeman, Mrs. F. E., Newton Centre. Baker, Mr. A. Stuart, Dayton, Ohio. Baker, Mr. Clifton H., Wollaston. Baker, Mrs. Ella J., Hingham. Baker, Mr. George D., Melrose. Baker, Mrs. H. B., Roslindale. Baker, Mrs. H. C, Maiden. Balch, Dr. Franklin G., Boston. Ballou, Mrs. Helen H., Brookline. Ballou, Mr. Russell A., Brookline. Bancroft, Mrs. Charles P., Concord. Barber, Miss A. M., Boston. Barber, Mr. Earl H., Reading. Barker, Mr. Charles R., Wellesley. Barker, Miss Elizabeth G., Salem. Barnes, Miss Helen W., Lowell. Barnett, Mr. J. M., Clifton. Barthel Mr. Frederick, Framingham. Bartlett, Miss Bess, Lynn. Bartlett, Mrs. N. E., Andover. Bassett, Mrs. William H., Bridgewater. Batchelder, Mrs. Charles F., Cambridge. Batchelder, Miss Edith, Boston. Bates, Mrs. G. M., Wellesley Farms. Battelle, Miss Sarah W., Boston. Bauman, Mr. Paul E., North Abington. Bearse, Miss Constance, Centreville. Beattie, Mr. William T., Arlington. Beck, Mrs. Herbert C, West Roxbury. Beckwith, Mrs. Grace S., Cambridge. Beede, Miss Frances M., Cambridge. Belknap, Mrs. R. H., Framingham. Bell, Mrs. Harriette B., East Milton. Bellefontaine, Mr. William O., Hull's Cove, Maine. Bennett, Dr. Frank E., St. Thomas, Ontario. Bennett, Mrs. Samuel Crocker, Auburn- dale. Benoit, Mr. Armand W., Maiden. Benson, Mr. Charles H., Waverley. Bent, Mr. Arthur T., Boston. Bentley, Mrs. Robert L., Milton. Berry, Mrs. E. J., Leland, Miss. Berry, Mrs. James M., Maiden. Berry, Mrs. Rose, Randolph. Besse, Mrs. Harry W., Wayland. Best, Miss Gretchen M., Boston. Betterton, Mrs. T. C, Chattanooga, Tenn. Bever, Miss Linda, Appleton City, Mo. Bigelow, Mrs. C. Willard, Brookline. Bigelow, Mrs. Carl M., West Newton. Bigelow, Miss Gertrude, Natick. Bigelow, Mrs. Pauline, Belleport, L. I., N. Y. Bigelow, Mrs. Robert P., Brookline. Bignault, Mr. George, Savannah, Ga. Billings, Mr. Edmund, Boston. Billings, Mrs. H. J., South Acton. Bingham, Mr. Michael, Somerville. Bingham, Mr. Stillman, Duluth, Minn. Binley, Mrs. William, Braintree. Bishop, Mrs. Arthur J., Brockton. Blanchard, Mr. Herbert W., Concord. r Life Members. 105 i06 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Blease, Mr. Thomas, Pawtucket, R. I. Bleicken, Mr. Gerhard, Centreville. Bliss, Mr. E. F., Cambridge. Bliss, Mrs. Henry M., Chestnut Hill. Boland, Mrs. E. N., Melrose Highlands. Bourne, Mrs. F. A., Boston. Bosson, Mrs. L. K., Newton Upper Falls. Bothfeld, Mrs. Henry, Sherborn. Bowen, Mr. Clovis H, Pawtucket, R. I. Bowen, Mrs. Elma S., Pawtucket, R. I. Bowers, Mr. C. Fred, "Woburn. Bowers, Miss Laura, Ashland. Boynton, Mr. Henry E. E., Watertown. Brackett, Mrs. W. D., Stoneham. Bradford, Miss Annie L., Watertown. Bradford, Mrs. Clifton G., Norfolk. Bradford, Mr. Dale, Melbern, Ohio. Bradley, Mr. J. H., Brookline. Brainard, Mr. A. W., Seattle, Wash. Brewster, Mrs. DeWitt C, Lexington. Briggs, Mr. Arthur, North Easton. Briggs, Mrs. F. M., Pocasset. Brigham, Miss Dorcas, Northampton. Brigham, Mrs. William L., Providence, R. I. Britt, Mrs. Helen C, Brighton. Bronch, Mrs. Ernest W., Quincy. Brook, Mrs. E. C, Melrose. Brooks, Mrs. Edwin D., Concord. Brooks, Miss Gertrude, Boston. Brooks, Mrs. Walter D., Readville. Brown, Mrs. C. W., South Hingham. Brown, Mr. Charles F., Wellesley Hills. Brown, Miss Edith, Brighton. Brown, Mrs. Edith E., Hyde Park. Brown, Mrs. Edith H., Sharon. Brown, Mrs. Edwin F., North Fal- mouth. Brown, Mr. Ernest, Dedham. Brown, Mrs. H. S., Wellesley. Brown, Mrs. Henry M., Westport, Conn. Brown, Mrs. Laurence A., Boston. Brown, Miss Lilla M., Cambridge. Brown, Mr. Phillips C., Framingham. Brown, Mrs. Samuel, Edgewood, R. I. Browning, Mr. Henry Hunt, Worcester. Browning, Mrs. Henry H, Worcester. Bryant, Mrs. E. J., Greenfield. Bryant, Mr. Herbert A., Braintree. Buckley, Mrs. John H., Swampscott. Buckley, Mrs. William A., Winthrop. Budgell, Mr. A. T., Newton Highlands. Buffum, Mr. Albert F., Watertown. Bulk, Mr. Reinier, Newport, R. I. Bunton, Mrs. Andrew, Atlantic. Burgess, Mr. Martin, Reading. Burnell, Mrs. Luella K., Atlantic. Burnham, Mrs. Ira F., Stoughton. Burrage, Miss Mildred, Cambridge. Burrell, Mr. Charles A., East Foxboro. Burrell, Mrs. Randal 0., Watertown. Burrows, Mrs. Walter O., Lynn. Burt, Mrs. Leon C, North Lexington. Burton, Miss Edith G., Cambridge. Burton, Mrs. F. A., Waban. Bushby, Mr. Curtis, Cliftondale. Busk, Mr. F. Wadsworth, Chestnut Hill. Buswell, Miss Marion E., Dorchester. Butler, Mrs. George E., Fall River. Buttler, Dr. George, Worcester. Butz, Mr. Edgar O., Auburndale. Cabot, Mrs. Frederick P., Boston. Cabot, Mrs. Henry B., Jr., Needham. Cabot, Mrs. Norman, Brookline. Cady, Mrs. Josephine A., Boston. Caldwell, Mr. John A., Winchester. Campbell, Mrs. Alfonso S., Winchester. Campbell, Mrs. Charles A., Wollaston. Campbell, Mr. Edward N. Weymouth. Campbell, Miss Elizabeth, Danvers. Cannon, Mrs. Carl W., Boston. Capel, Mrs. Fred W., Bridgewater. Carlton, Mr. Charles E., Cambridge. Carney, Miss Annie, Brookline. Carpenter, Miss D., Marshfield. Carr, Mr. Fred M., Winchester. Carter, Mrs. A. F., Chestnut Hill. Carter, Miss H. L., Maiden. Carver, Mrs. E. Milburn, Bridgewater. Casey, Mr. Thomas, Fitchburg. Caswell, Mrs. Thomas, Taunton. *Cate, Mrs. Curtis W., Santa Barbara, Calif. Cavarly, Mr. C. Gardner, Ipswich. Center, Miss Suzanne S., Gloucester. Chadwick, Mr. H. T., Winter Hill. Chamberlain, Miss Eleanor M., Paeon- nian Springs, Va. Chandler, Mr. Henry N., Brookline. Chandler, Mrs. Henry N., Brookline. Ohapin, Mrs. Arthur, Bangor, Maine. Chapman, Mrs. G. F., Plymouth. Chase, Mr. George B., Woburn. Chase, Mrs. L. S., West Newton. Chase, Mr. Melville B., Nahant. Chatterton, Mr. Allen W., Pawtucket, R. I. Cheever, Mr. F. C, Saugus. Chenery, Mrs. Horace, Concord. Chesler, Mr. Isidor, West Orange, N. J. Child, Miss Annie C, Augusta, Maine. Child, Miss Florence B., Boston. Childs, Mrs. Arthur E., Boston. Childs, Mrs. Charles E., Northampton. Chisholm, Mrs. George J., Medford. Chisholm, Mrs. William, Marblehead. Choate, Mrs. Robert B., Topsfield. Cholerton, Mrs. Samuel B., Bridge- water. *Life Members. NEW MEMBERS IN 1928 107 Olapp, Mrs. Albion Robert, Auburndale. Clapp, Miss Antoinette, Wellesley Hills. Clapp, Miss Mary C, Brookline. Clark, Miss E. Eugene, Randolph. Clark, Mr. George G., Plymouth. N. H. Clark, Mrs. William L., Brookline. Clarke, Mrs. Edward R., Winthrop. Clay, Mrs. Gertrude D., Charlestown. Clemonds, Miss Annie, Ballardvale. Close, Mrs. E. Frank, Melrose. Cloud, Mr. Paul M. f Boston. Cloud, Mrs. Paul M. f Boston. Clough, Miss Alice G., Haverhill. Clough, Miss Gertrude H., Dedham. Coburn, Miss Louise, Jamaica Plain. Codman, Mrs. John S., West Roxbury. Cole, Mrs. A. L., Lawrence. Cole, Mrs. F. P., Wellesley Hills. Cole, Mrs. Harry F., Newburyport. Collamore, Miss Florence, Braintree. Colman, Miss Harriot W., Newburyport. Conant, Mrs. Linwood C, Dedham. Conant, Mrs. Sarah E., Waltham. Connell, Mr. Edward J., Brighton. Connors, Mrs. A. E., Melrose. Converse, Mr. Danforth, Dedham. Cooke, Dr. William P., Boston. Coolidge, Mrs. J. Gardner, Brookline. Coombe, Mr. Frederick E., East Bridge- water. Coon, Mrs. Bessie C, Wakefield. Cooper, Mrs. Rose Harris, Boston. Copeland, Mrs. Harold W., Bridge- water. Copeland, Mrs. William A., Chestnut Hill. Corbett, Mr. Patrick J., Jamaica Plain. Corliss, Mrs. Cyrus, West Roxbury. Costello, Mr. Jerry, Lynn. Cote, Mrs. E., Fall River. Cotter, Mrs. R. J., Cambridge. *Cotting, Mr. C. E., Boston. Cousin, Mrs. James L., Jamaica Plain. Covell, Mr. N. Edwin, Boston. Cowan, Mrs. Charles E., Brookline. Cox, Mr. Edward Jones, Newtonville. Cox, Mr. Gilbert W., Needham. Cox, Miss Nellie J., Boston. Craigin, Mrs. George A., Boston. Craver, Miss Mary, Cambridge. Crawford, Mr. Marion, North Abington. Crocker, Mr. Howard E., Maiden. Crocker, Mr. Percy G., Cambridge. Croft, Mr. L. P., Cambridge. Cronin, Mr. Arthur D., South Natick. Cronin, Mrs. Arthur D., South Natick. Cronin, Mr. Bernard M., Jamaica Plain. Crossley, Mr. W. P., Brookline. Crowe, Mrs. Lillian M., West Roxbury. Crowell, Mr. W. F., Winchester. Crowley, Mr. Dennis M., Boston. Cruickshank, Mr. Alexander, West Manchester. Cumings, Mrs. Margaret A., Lowell. Cummer, Mrs. W. E., Jacksonville, Fla. Cummings, Mrs. F. B., Newton. Cummings, Mr. Frank A., Winchester. Currier, Mrs. C. L., Lawrence. Curtis, Mrs. Alfred, Concord. Curtis, Mrs. Charles W., Jr., Marl- borough. Curtis, Mrs. George W., West Roxbury. Curtis, Mr. Herman G., Jamaica Plain. Curwen, Miss Bessie H., Salem. Dana, Mr. Arthur P., Wellesley. Dane, Mrs. Francis S., Lexington. Daniels, Miss Nellie F., Brockton. Darrin, Mrs. Natalie C, Hopedale. Davenport, Mrs. Arthur C, Braintree. Davies, Mr. Charles H., Stoneham. Davis, Miss Dorothy, Milton. Davis, Mrs. Edna Claire, Brookline. Davis, Mr. Harry A., Hopedale. Davis, Mrs. Henry C, Jr., Lexington. Davis, Mrs. J. Morton, Salem. Davis, Mrs. Philip W., Cambridge. Davis, Mrs. Walter G., Cambridge. Davison, Mr. Harold M., Ridgewood, N. J. Day, Mr. Charles F., West Millbury. Day, Miss Ethel G., Melrose Highlands. Dean, Miss Hannah May, Raynham Center. Deane, Mr. Walter, Cambridge. Dearborn, Mrs. George W., Lowell. DeAvila, Mrs. Cecilia M., Cambridge. DeBlois, Mrs. George L., Boston. Decowski, Mr. Joseph, Cambridge. Deeg, Mr. George, Sharon. Delabarre, Mrs. Frank A., Greenbush. Deland, Mrs. L. F., Kennebunkport, Maine. Delano, Mrs. Charles, New Bedford. Delorey, Mr. Leonell A., Medford. Dennett, Mr. Charles N., Jr., Amesbury. Dennis, Mrs. Edwin W., Providence, R. I. Derby, Mr. Charles H., Jr., Paxton. Desmond, Mr. Arthur W., Milton. Dewey, Mr. Mervin A., Sunderland. Dewey, Mrs. Percy, Belmont. Dewing, Mrs. Wilbur W., Kingston. Dexter, Mrs. Stanley W., Boston. Dexter, Mrs. W. E., Boston. Dibble, Mrs. F. F., Newburyport. Dickinson, Mrs. Everett M., Harvard. Dickinson, Mrs. John D., Watertown. Dieles, Mr. Remy, Everett. Dimick, Miss Esther, Watertown. *Life Members. 108 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Dimond, Mr. James G., Westchester County, N. Y. Dodge, Miss Alice W., Cambridge. Donnelly, Mr. F. J. D., Attleboro. Donovan, Miss Nora, "Weston. Dooley, Mrs. Thomas P., East Milton. Doran, Mr. David, Lexington. Doran, Mr. Robert E., Lexington. Dorgan, Mr. John P., Weston. Doten, Mr. Clarence A., Auburndale. Doucette, Mr. Ernest F., Merrimac. Doughty, Miss Annie W., Wellesley. Douglas, Mrs. William L., Brookline. Downs, Mr. Edgar T., Belmont. Doyle, Miss Elizabeth, Cambridge. Drake, Miss Elizabeth, Revere. Draper, Mrs. Clare H., Hopedale. Draper, Miss Mary E., Canton. Drew, Mr. Henry J. W., Boston. Drewett, Mr. Frank, Dedham. Driver, Miss Daisy G., Wakefield. Druley, Miss Bertha M., East Lexing- ton. Drummey, Mr. William F., Boston. Durant, Mr. William H., Dorchester. Dutton, Mrs. Warren H., Bedford. Dwight, Miss Edith M., Holliston. Eager, Miss Mabel T., Auburndale. Earl, Mrs. Alice, Melrose Highlands. Eaton, Mrs. Albert N., Manomet. Eaton, Miss Lucy H., Boston. Eaton, Miss Nancy, Needham Heights. Eddy, Mrs. E. N., Paradise, Pa. Eddy, Mrs. Lyman K., Jamaica Plain. Eddy, Miss Priscilla C, West Newton. Edmands, Mrs. J. Wiley, Newton High- lands. Edson, Mrs. Maude A., Amherst. Edwards, Mrs. J. H., Swampscott. Ego, Mr. Daniel F., Brighton. Ehrenfried, Mrs. Alfred, Brookline. Eichorf, Mr. Joseph H., Mattapan. Eldridge, Mrs. Stanley H., Lexington. Eldridge, Mr. William T., Cambridge. Elliott, Mr. George R. L., Amherst. Ellsworth, Miss Eunice, Broad Brook, Conn. Ely, Miss Ruth, Providence, R. I. Emerson, Mrs. Eva, East Lynn. Epps, Mrs. Thomas Byrd, Boston. *Erickson, Mr. Arioch Wentworth, Boston. Eshleman, Mrs. Frank M., Milton. Evans, Mrs. A. L., Braintree. Falvey, Mrs. Donald, Chestnut Hill. Farmer, Miss Adalena R., Jamaica Plain. Farmer, Mrs. J. W., Milton. Faulkner, Miss Catharine, Lowell. Febiger, Mr. W. S., Readville. Fee, Miss Lillian, Jamaica Plain. Feldman, Miss Ida, Dorchester. Feneno, Mrs. Mary E., Roslindale. Fenno, Mr. Edward N., Boston. Ferguson, Mrs. Arthur, Peabody. Ferguson, Mr. Francis G., Peabody. Field, Mrs. David Porter, Wellesley. Fifield, Mr. Charles W., Jr., Maiden. Fish, Miss Caroline B., Brookline. Fisher, Miss Edith C, Boston. Fisher, Mrs. G. E., Newtonville. Fiske, Mrs. George I., Roxbury. Fitzgerald, Mr. William J., Winchester. Flaherty, Mr. James C, Marshfield. Flynn, Mrs. John E., Bridgewater. Floyd, Miss Minnie H., Winthrop. Folts, Miss E. Maude, Winchester. Folts, Miss Gladys M., Winchester. Fonseca, Mr. Martin G., Amherst. Forbush, Mrs. Walter A., Campello. Ford, Mr. Myron P., East Weymouth. Forsyth, Mr. Herbert, Westfield, N. J. Foss, Miss Ruby L., Auburndale. Foster, Mrs. David, West Roxbury. Foster, Miss Helen L., Wollaston. Foster, Mr. Walter B., Hingham. Fowler, Mrs. Albert E., Westfield. Franceschini, Mrs. Augusto, Assinippi. Frederick, Mr. Austin W., West Rox- bury. Frese, Mr. Paul F., Waltham. Fuller, Mr. Robert, Woburn. Gale, Mr. Merton S., Gardner. Gardner, Mrs. G. C, Springfield. Gardner, Deaconess, Brookline. Gardner, Mrs. William E., Boston. Gathemann, Mrs. Adolph A., Boston. Gattrell, Mr. Frank, Bar Harbor, Me. Gay, Mrs. H. B., Salem. Gay, Mrs. L. Anna, Salem. Geddes, Mrs. W. H., East Milton. Getcheller, Mr. Walter, Randolph. Gibbons, Miss Rosa M., Melrose. Gibson, Mr. Charles H., Boston. Gilbert, Mrs. J. H., Ware. Giles, Mr. George A., Cambridge. Gill, Mrs. Kermode F., Cleveland, Ohio. Gilman, Mr. Louis I., Dorchester. Glazier, Mrs. Frederick P., Hudson. Gleason, Mr. Gay, Newton. Gleason, Miss Mary B., Manchester, Vt. Goff, Mr. G. Russell, Hopedale. Gooch, Mrs. Mary P., Watertown. Goodale, Mrs. Robert L., Cambridge. Goodwin, Mrs. Richard E., Augusta, Maine. Googins, Mr. Charles E., Belmont. Goostray, Mrs. Jane, Watertown. Gordon, Mrs. Charles, Glendora, Calif. Gordon, Miss Marion L., Newtonville. Goss, Mrs. John, Walpole. Gough, Mr. George, Cohasset. *Life Members. NEW MEMBERS IN 1928 109 Goulart, Mr. Joseph F., Gloucester. Gould, Mrs. Harry V., Melrose. Gourley, Mrs. Helen P., Waban. Goward, Miss Marion C, North Easton. Grassey, Mr. Alphonse, Natick. Grauman, Mrs. Muriel, Stoneham. Gray, Miss Nellie, Lowell. Greene, Mr. Henry Jewett, Petersham. Greenwood, Mrs. William, Lawrence. Grondahl, Mrs. E. L., Dorset, Vt. Grover, Mr. E. G., Wollaston. Grover, Mr. E. Laurence, Halifax. Gunn, Miss Margaret, Quebec, Canada. Guzzi, Mr. Pasquale, West Newton. Hacker, Mrs. E. H., Lynn. Hale, Mrs. Philip L., Dedham. Hall, Mrs. Harry W., Braintree. Hall, Mrs. Harry S., Boston. Hall, Mr. Oliver, Hingham. Hall, Miss Rita K., Billerica. Hallowell, Mrs. N. Penrose, Milton. Hamel, Mr. F. H., Jr., Yazoo City, Miss. Hammond, Mrs. H. E., West Roxbury. Haner, Miss Frances, Groton. Hanna, Mr. Elmer K., Everett. Hanna, Mr. William J., Holyoke. Hannauer, Mrs. George, Chestnut Hill. Hannigan, Miss Mary F., Fitchburg. Happold, Mrs. H. P., Northborough. Hardy, Mrs. B. F. B., North Woburn. Hardy, Mr. Charles A., Wellesley Farms. Hardy, Miss Ruth W., Littleton. Harkness, Mrs. Arthur F., Walpole. Harrar, Miss Emma R., Devon, Penn. Harriman, Mrs. J. L., Hudson. Harrington, Miss Katharine, Lexington. Harris, Mrs. C. L., Waltham. Harrison, Miss Dorothea K., Boston. Harrison, Mrs. William Carter, Brain- tree. Hart, Mr. Francis E., Whitman. Hart, Mr. William L., Fredonia, N. Y. Harworth, Mr. E. E., San Bernardino, Calif. Haskell, Mrs. Mabelle C, Beverly. Hastie, Mr. C. Norwood, Charleston, S. C. Hawes, Miss Mary 0., Fall River. Hawks, Mr. Paul, Deerfield. Haworth, Miss Dorothea, Newton Cen- tre. Hay, Mrs. H. 0., Belmont. Haynes, Mr. Jesse E. f Brattleboro, Vt. Healy, Miss L. B., East Lynn. Heard, Mrs. Florence W., Cambridge. Hebard, Mrs Clinton S., Belmont. Hemmings, Mr. Shirley, North Abing- ton. Henderson, Miss Florence, Holyoke. Henderson, Mr. W. D., East Dedham. Hersee, Mrs. Frederick 0., Belmont. Higbee, Mr. William E., Sharon. Higgins, Miss Myrta Margaret, Fram- ingham. Higginson, Mrs. F. L., Prides Crossing. Hildreth, Mrs. H. A., Winchester. Hildreth, Mr. Harold W., Westford. Hill, Miss Grace M., Watertown. Hinchman, Mrs. Annie Grace, Newton. Hines, Mrs. Mary, Medford. His, Mrs. Georges Jean, Chestnut Hill. Hoar, Mrs. Sherman, Concord. Hodge, Mrs. Wm. E., Lynn. Hoe, Mrs. Mabel E., Braintree. Hoeh, Mrs. Frederick A., Jamaica Plain. Hoffman, Mrs. M. H., Swampscott. Holbrook, Mrs. Mary R., Waban. Holbrook, Miss Mary S., Boston. Holbrook, Mrs. W. J., South Weymouth. Holden, Miss Hazel N., Melrose. Homan, Mrs. R. F., Marblehead. Horton, Mrs. Florence E., South Swan- sea. Hosmer, Mrs. Frederick P., Hudson. Houghton, Mrs. Charles K., Littleton. Houghton, Mrs. Ella B., Brattleboro, Vt. Hovey, Mr. Stuart W., Buckland. Howard, Mrs. Charles T., Hingham Center. Howe, Mr. Allan R., Fairhaven. Howe, Mrs. Benjamin S., Brookline. Howe, Mrs. Louis McH., Fall River. Howe, Mrs. Ralph T., Melrose. Howland, Mrs. William N., Westport. Hubbard, Mrs. J. C, Wayland. Huber, Mr. F., Jr., Jennings, La. Huddy, Mrs. F. L., Belmont. Hull, Mrs. Harry Harlow, Jamaica Plain. Hurd, Mrs. Jessie D., West Roxbury. Hurley, Miss Mary J., Marlboro. Hutchinson, Mr. George M., Reading. Hutchinson, Mrs. Samuel, Lynn. Hylan, Mrs. A. W., Stoneham. Innes, Mr. Robert B., South Portland, Maine. Irving, Dr. Albert John, New York. Ives, Mrs. Oscar J., Salem. Jackson, Mr. Charles, Boston. Jackson, Mrs. Henry, Wakefield. Jackson, Mrs. Walter, Milton. Jackson, Mr. William K., Chestnut Hill. Jacobs, Miss Sarah E., Plymouth. Jameson, Mrs. W. J., East Milton. Jenkins, Miss Mabel I., Wellesley. Jenkins, Mrs. H. Loring, Bridgewater. Jenks, Mrs. Charles F., Wellesley Farms. Jenks, Mrs. Cora A., Attleboro. Jenks, Mrs. Henry A., Cambridge. Jensen, Mr. W. J., Jamaica Plain. Jepson, Miss Mabel A., Cambridge. Jewell, Mrs. E. 0., Lawrence. Johnson, Miss Grace A., Belmont. 110 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Johnson, Mr. James, Brookline. Johnson, Mrs. John H., Lowell. Johnson, Mr. Joseph H., Waverley. Johnson, Mr. Karl M., Semmes, Ala. Johnson, Mrs. Walter W., Swampscott. Johnston, Miss Isabelle A., Jamaica Plain. Jones, Miss Elizabeth Dickerman, New- ton Highlands. Jones, Miss Helen, Erie County, N. Y. Jones, Mr. Paul S., Montello. Jones, Mr. Robert B., West Medford. Judson, Mr. Howard T., Leominster. Kamphefner, Miss Minnie M., Glendora, Calif. Kane, Mr. James, Beverly. Kaula, Mrs. William J., Boston. Kaulbach, Mr. Frederick R., Maiden. Kauser, Miss Alice, Norwalk, Conn. Keene, Mrs. Sarah Vinal, Watertown. Keith, Mr. James P. Campello. Keith, Mr. Myron L., Campello. Keith, Mr. Newell L., Brighton. Kelley, Miss Florence, Canton. Kelley, Mr. Isaac S., Reading. Kelley, Mrs. W. G., Dorchester. Kelly, Mrs. Shaun, Richmond. Kennedy, Mrs. Alonzo L., South Hing- ham. Kennedy, Mr. Sidney S., Ithaca, N. Y. Kenney, Mrs. Joseph T., New Bedford. Kenty, Mrs. Hattie M., Arlington Heights. Kenyon, Mr. R. E., Pawtucket, R. I. Keyes, Mrs. George T., Boston. Killim, Mrs. Maud L., Medford. Kimball, Miss Evelyn S., East Dedham. Kimball, Rev. Harry W., Needham. Kimball, Miss Lucy I., Haverhill. King, Mrs. Gladys, Upper Darby, Penn. Kinley, Mrs. Henrietta A., Stoneham. Kirkpatrick, Mrs. M. R., Stoneham. Kitching, Mrs. Edward J., Melrose. Kittredge, Mr. E. Roy, Dedham. Knowles, Miss Jessie B., Portland, Me. Knowlton, Mrs. Daniel S., Brookline. Kopenhafer, Mr. George E., Vermillion, Ohio. Krauss, Mrs. Helena, Jamaica Plain. Kudner, Mrs. Henry C, Lapeer, Mich. Kussmaul, Mrs. Mildred Bryant, Brock- ton. Kyes, Mr. F. W., Ipswich. Kyle, Mr. Gordon, Everett. Lackland, Mr. Samuel H., Mobile, Ala. Lamond, Mr. John D., Boston. Lamson, Mrs. Frank, Newton. Lane, Dr. C. G., Cambridge. Lane, Mrs. E. Le Roy, Hingham. Lane, Mrs. Elizabeth L., Newburyport. Lane, Mrs. Josiah F., Belmont. Lappen, Mr. John A., Belmont. Larkin, Mrs. E. Lester, Hudson. Lawrence, Mr. Henry, Hopedale. Lawrence, Mr. Van Courtlandt, West Newton. Leach, Mrs. George H., Campello. Leach, Mr. Richard D., Hanover, N. H. Learnard, Mrs. Frank W., Braintree. Leavitt, Mrs. Byron C, Millbrook. Leavitt, Dr. Pierce H., Brockton. Lee, Mrs. James S., Boston. Lehrer, Mrs. Raymond, West Newton. Lentell, Miss Edna L., Canton. LeVine, Mrs. John, Swampscott. Lewis, Miss Mary Lester, Jamaica Plain. Lewis, Mrs. Tracy H., Long Island, N. Y. Libby, Miss Caroline S., Watertown. Lingham, Mrs. C. H., Littleton. Littlefield, Mrs. C. C, West Somerville. Locke. Mrs. Harriet B., Hopedale. Locke, Mrs. W. L., Watertown. Lockwood, Mrs. H. de F., Boston. Logan, Mrs. G. W., Boston. Long, Mr. Harry V., Boston. Longden, Mr. Ralph L., Newton. Loper, Mrs. Jennie W., Fall River. Lord, Mrs. Arthur F., Sharon. Lord, Mrs. Charles C, Newton. Lord, Mrs. George, Kennebunk, Maine. Lord, Mrs. George E., Maiden. Lord, Mr. Samuel C, Milton. Loring, Mrs. Atherton, Island Creek. Loring, Mr. Charles A., Dayton Beach, Fla. Love, Mrs. Henry D., Lexington. Lovejoy, Miss Abby M., West Roxbury. Lovell, Mr. Earl, Hingham. Low, Mrs. Joseph T., Jr., Winchester. Luke, Mrs. Ella E., Lunenberg. Lutes, Mrs. Delia T., Newton Centre. Lyman, Miss Caroline R., North Wo- burn. Lyman, Mrs. Margaret B., Kingston. Lynch, Mr. Joseph, Lynnfield. Macadam, Mrs. Anna Fink, Revere. MacDonald, Miss Nena, Roslindale. MacDonald, Mrs. William D., Belmont. Macdougall, Mr. B. L., Bristol, R. I. MacKenna, Mrs. Roscoe, Lynn. MacKenna, Mr. Roscoe, Lynn. Macquarrie, Miss Eliza B., Concord. Macurda, Mr. W. E., Lexington. Magoun, Mrs. H. W., Belmont. Maguire, Mr. Edward D., Mattapan. Maloney, Mr. Alfred, Jamaica Plain. Mann, Mrs. Edna L., Fall River. Manthorne, Mrs. George E., West Rox- bury. Marrs, Mrs. W. W., Grove Hall. Marsh, Mrs. Frederick G., Waban. Marshall, Mr. Henry P., Wakefield. Marshall, Mr. Ralph S., Newtonville. Martill, Mr. Lewis, Hyde Park, NEW MEMBERS IN 1928 111 Martin, Mrs. G. E., Auburndale. Martin, Mrs. George R., Cambridge. Mason, Miss Edith S., St. Louis, Mo. Mason, Mr. Edward 0., Winchester. Mason, Mrs. Emily G., Dorchester. Masters, Miss Lydia W., Watertown. ♦Matthews, Mr. Albert, Boston. Mauny, Mr. Prank A., Boston. May, Mr. George H., Revere. Mayo, Mrs. Florence S., North Wey- mouth. Mayo, Mrs. Henry R., Lynn. McAllister, Miss Alice, Bradford. McCarthy, Miss Caroline H., Boston. McCauley, Mr. Harold, Shrewsbury. McFadden, Mrs. James A., Melrose. McFarland, Mrs. A. W., Dover. McGarry, Mrs. Stanley F., Grafton. McGregor, Mr. W. Eugene, Chestnut Hill. McKillop, Mrs. Helen H., Chestnut Hill. McKittrick, Mrs. T. H., Dublin, N. H. McLaughlin, Mr. Mark, Weston. McLean, Miss Philana, Newtonville. McMullen, Mr. R. J., Boston. McPherson, Mrs. John R., Quincy. McTavish, Mrs. Gordon, Montreal, Quebec. Mead, Mrs. Petei B., East Braintree. Mead, Mrs. S. W., Weston. Meier, Mrs. J. P., Squantum. Merrihew, Mrs. Marie, Waverley. Merrill, Mrs. Henry M. Brockton. Merritt, Rev. N. J., Winchester. Meyer, Mrs. A. H., Newtonville. Miller, Mr. Alton L., Boston. Miller, Mrs. Hiram E., East Lynn. Miller, Mrs. William S., Hingham. Millikan, Mr. J. H., Pomona, Calif. Mills, Mrs. Charles F., Milton. Minot, Mr. James J., Jr., Boston. Mitchell, Mr. Ira J., Jamaica Plain. *Mitton, Mr. George W., Boston. Mode, Mrs. Elmer B., Auburndale. Montgomery, Mrs. Hugh, Cambridge. Montle, Mrs. Thomas F., East Milton. Mooney, Miss Emma, Concord, N. H. Moran, Mr. C. W., Sharon. Moran, Mr. Daniel H., Newton High- lands. Morgan, Mrs. J. Charles, Lynn. Morrill, Miss Abbie, Amesbury. Morris, Mrs. Katherine, Lexington. Morrison, Mrs. Robert L., Detroit, Mich. Morse, Miss Carrie L., Newton Centre. Morse, Miss Stella M., Watertown. Morton, Mr. James T., Redondo, Calif. Moseley, Mrs. F. S., Boston. Mosher, Miss Margaret E., Weston. Moulton, Mr. David E., Portland, Me. Moulton, Miss Susan P., Boston. Mower, Mrs. Frank, Lynn. Mower, Mrs. Martin, Cambridge. Mulloy, Miss Eleanor E., East Brain- tree. Murdock, Mrs. Harold, Chestnut Hill. Murphy, Mr. Horace F., South Man- chester, Conn. Murphy, Miss Ethel, Moncton, N. B., Canada. Murphy, Mr. W. Edward, Ayer. Nafe, Mr. Paul O., Wellesley. Nangle, Miss Helen M., Danvers. Nason, Mrs. E. Leroy, Lynn. Nelson, Mr. Carl A., Roslindale. Nelson, Mr. Hilmer S., South Wey- mouth. Nelson, Mr. Robert E., East Gloucester. Nevins, Mr. Bernard J., Swampscott. Newcomb, Mr. F. W., Brookline. Newcomb, Mrs. F. W., Brookline. Newell, Mr. C. Edward, Winchester. Newell, Miss Lavinia H., Boston. Newell, Mr. Raymond E., Hartford. Newhall, Mr. Charles A., Brookline. Newhall, Mr. Elbridge K., Boston. Newman, Mrs. A. P., Waban. Newton, Mrs. Addie A., Southboro. Nichols, Mr. Charles B., Ware. Nichols, Mrs. Fred, South Sudbury. Nichols, Mr. Henry J., West Newton. Nichols, Mr. L. Heyl, Walpole. Nichols, Mrs. Stephen R., Cohasset. Nickerson, Mrs. Edith C, Cohasset. Nickerson, Mrs. Herbert H., Boston. Nielsen, Mr. Carl I., North Abington. Nielson, Mrs. M., Blue Island, 111. Nivison, Mrs. D. B., West Newton. Noling, Mr. W. T., Howey, Fla. Noonan, Mr. Walter J., Boston. de Normandie, Mrs. Philip Y., Milton. Norris, Miss 0. Maude, Maiden. Northey, Mrs. W. E., Salem. Norton, Mr. David W., Wellesley Hills. Noyes, Mrs. Sarah R., Melrose High- lands. Oak, Mrs. Edith M., Orono, Maine. O'Brien, Mr. James J., Boston. O'Brien, Mrs. J. W., Boston. Ogden, Mrs. J. P., Lynn. O'Hara, Mrs. M. L., Auburndale. Olive, Mr. G. Ohipman, No. Weymouth. Olson, Mr. Gustav, Woburn. O'Malley, Mrs. Charles J., Chestnut Hill. Ormsby, Mr. Leslie E., Boston. Orr, Mr. Philip E., South Portland, Me. Ortmann, Mr. Fred, Cambridge. Osgood, Mrs. Edward H., Cambridge. Osgood, Miss Mary E., Peabody. O'Sullivan, Mrs. George L., East Ded- ham. Life Members. 112 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Packard, Dr. Horace, Boston. Packard, Mrs. Roscoe M., West New- ton. Page, Mrs. Frederick H., "Waltham. Paige, Mr. Carl, Holbrook. Palmer, Miss Beulah M., West Rox- bury. Palmer, Mrs. Estella H., Shrewsbury. Parker, Mr. Jesse S., Falmouth. *Parker, Mrs. Robert, Jr., South. Lin- coln. Pasell, Mr. George W., New Bedford. Patey, Miss Harriette W., Newtonville. Peabody, Miss Amy, Boston. Peabody, Mr. George E., West Medford. Pearson, Miss Marguerite S., Somer- ville. Peck, Mrs. Henry J., Providence, R. I. Peckham, Mr. Eugene L., South Dart- mouth. Penney, Miss R. E., Belmont. Pentecost, Miss G. Hortense, Winter Hill. Percy, Mrs. George E., Salem. Perkins, Mrs. George W., Boston. Perkins, Miss Harriette M., Maiden. Perkins, Mr. Ralph E., Arlington. * Perry, Mr. Arthur, Nahant. Perry, Mrs. Lena, Tacoma, Wash. Peterson, Mrs. Julia H., Cambridge. Pettee, Mrs. Arthur L., Brattleboro, Vt. Pettey, Mr. Raymond A., North Dart- mouth. Phelan, Miss Alice M., Boston. Phelan, Mr. James F., Watertown. Phillips, Mrs. Arthur J., West Peabody. Pierce, Miss Cora E., Fitchburg. Pierce, Mrs. Roger, Milton. Philcrantz, Mr. William H.,( Chestnut Hill. Pike, Mr. Charles, Groveland. Pillsbury, Mr. W. H. C, Brookline. Piper, Mr. Fred J., Gardner, Maine. Pipes, Mrs. D. W., New Orleans, La. Pitman, Mrs. Gilbert L., Swampscott. Pitman, Mr. Harold A., Boston. Pitman, Mrs. Harold A., Boston. Poor, Mrs. Charles M., Peabody. Porter, Mrs. C. Omer, Westbrook, Me. Porter, Mrs. E. L., West Medford. Porter, Mr. F. E., Fayville. Potter, Mr. Arthur W., Jr., Newport, R. I. Potter, Mrs. Fred L., Maiden. Pratt, Mrs. F. S., Boston. Pratt, Mrs. J. H., Brookline. Pratt, Mrs. W. H., Lynn. Presbrey, Mrs. Charlotte H., Abington. Prescott, Mr. Charles O., Boston. Pridham, Mr. A. M. S., Ithaca, N. Y. Proctor, Mrs. John, Franklin, N. H. Prouty, Mr. Thomas S., Newton. Prucker, Mr. Fred, Stafford Springs, Conn. Prudden, Miss Elizabeth B., Brookline. Quimby, Mr. George F., Wellesley Hills. Quinby, Mrs. H. C, Saco, Maine. Quincy, Miss Grace W., Lancaster. Quincy, Mr. Josiah Hatch, Boston. Radcliffe, Mrs. W. W., Duxbury. Ramsey, Mr. John B., Chestnut Hill. Rand, Mrs. L. W., Brookline. Randall, Mrs. Edward, Hingham. Rankin, Mrs. A. E., Wellesley Hills. Rantoul, Miss Mabel L., Jamaica Plain. Rauch, Mr. Levi D., Atlantic. Reardon, Mrs. Harriman A., Hudson. Recchia, Mr. Richard H., Rockport. Reggio, Mrs. A. William, Chestnut Hill. Revere, Miss Margaret A., Canton. Reynolds, Mrs. Myra R., Boston. Reynolds, Mrs. Sumner C, Milford. Rhoades, Mr. Paul Whitney, South Sud- bury. Riberdy, Mr. Dennis E., Brockton. Rice, Mrs. Chester, Schenectady, N. Y. Rice, Mr. Harold, Arlington. Rice, Mrs. Irving D., Dover, N. H. Rice, Mrs. O. R., Waban. Rich, Mr. William W., Hingham. Richardson, Mrs. Charles, Boston. Richardson, Mrs. Edward B., Brook- line. Richardson, Miss Gladys, Woburn. Richardson, Mrs. Mary F., Maiden. Richmond, Mr. H. B., Arlington. Rideout, Mrs. Edgar S., Beverly. Robb, Mrs. Russell, Concord. Robbins, Mrs. Fanny M., Wethersfield, Conn. Robbins, Miss M. Elizabeth, Watertown. Roberts, Mr. G. R., Newton Centre. Roberts, Mr. Vincent P., Chestnut Hill. Robertson, Mr. Robert, Beverly. Robertson, Mrs. Robert, Beverly. Robinson, Mrs. Martha H., New Haven, Conn. Rockett, Mrs. Joseph B., Newton Centre. Rogers, Mrs. Alfred P., Chestnut Hill. Rogers, Mr. Charles C, Boston. Rollins, Mrs. George W., West Rox- bury. Roper, Miss Alice, Boston. Ropes, Mr. Charles F., Salem. Rosa, Mr. J. R., Arran, Fla. Rose, Mr. Edward, West Somerville. Rosenquist, Miss Mabel E., Woburn. Rothwell, Mr. James M., Boston. Ruggles, Miss Helen E., Reading. Rust, Miss Katharine, Boston. Ryce, Mrs. L. C, Boston. Sadler, Mrs. Ralph, West Roxbury. Salt, Mrs. Lloyd B., Chestnut Hill. *Life Members. NEW MEMBERS IN 1928 113 Sanborn, Mr. Fred 0., Brookline. Sanborn, Mrs. Frederick N., Atlantic. Sanborn, Mr. Harry 0., Winchester. Sandberg, Mrs. Joseph, Winchester. Sanderson, Miss A. Gertrude, Waltham. Sanderson, Miss E. E., Newton Centre. Sargent, Mrs. Arthur H., Brookline. Sargent, Mrs. William, Marblehead. Savels, Mrs. Orvis, Worcester. Sawyer, Mrs. C. Adrian, Waban. Sawyer, Miss E. L., Brighton. Sawyer, Mrs. James 0., Andover. Schaedel, Mrs. M. P., Melrose. Schenck, Mrs. Garret, Auburndale. Schneck, Mrs. Garret, Jr., Newton. Scher, Mr. L. Stodder, Salem. Schirmer, Mrs. Ruth A., Chestnut Hill. Scott, Mr. David M., Andover. Scott, Miss Mary M., Frankfort, Ky. Scribner, Mr. John W., Woburn. Seagrave, Miss Clarice E., Uxbridge. Seamans, Mrs. Robert C, Salem. Sekiguchi, Mr. E., Kioto, Japan. Sellman, Mr. John H., Newton. Semple, Mrs. Margaret R., Petersburg, Va. Sensenig, Mrs. Heber, Annisquam. Seymour, Mr. Samuel P., Boston. Shaddick, Mr. John W., Brookline. Shandt, Mr. George, South Dartmouth. Shaw, Mrs. Charles F., Watertown. Shaw, Mrs. Lila S. C, Brockton. Shea, Miss Mary E., Jamaica Plain. Shedden, Mrs. W. F., Duxbury. Sheehan, Rev. Hubert J., Manchester, N. H. Sheldon, Mrs. Henry E., East Milton. Sherburne, Miss Sally I., Lexington. Shoemaker, Mr. J. A., Lynn. Shuster, Mr. Francis B., Waban. Shydecker, Miss Selina M., Woburn. Sills, Mr. W. C, Newton. Simmons, Mrs. Channing C, Chestnut Hill. Simms, Mrs. W. E., Spring Station, Ky. Simpson, Mrs. Charles, Winthrop. Simpson, Miss Nellie I., Charlestown. Sinclair, Mr. James L., Medford. *Sisson, Mr. Jerome C, West Roxbury. *Sisson, Mrs. Jerome C, West Roxbury. Slade, Mr. Everett N., Fall River. Slade, Mrs. Herbert L., Newtonville. Sladen, Mr. Frank, Cohasset. Slater, Mr. Victor O. B., Fairhaven. Slocombe, Mrs. Edwin M., Lexington. Small, Mrs. Edna W., Valdosta, Ga. Small, Mr. Gilbert, Wayland. Smiley, Mrs. Norah, Waltham. Smith, Mr. Alex, Alberdeenshire, Scot- land. Smith, Mr. Alfred H., Boston. Smith, Mr. Almond H., Melrose High- lands. Smith, M«s. Carroll, Walpole. Smith, Mrs. Charles P., Cambridge. Smith, Mr. Earl W., Burlington. Smith, Mrs. Fanny Z., Lynn. Smith, Mrs. Florence C, Melrose High- lands. Smith, Mrs. Frank, Sandwich. Smith, Mrs. Huntington, Boston. Smith, Mr. Mark E., Charlestown. Smith, Miss Nellie L., Lowell. Smith, Mrs. Stephen T., Arlington. Smith, Mrs. T. L., Concord. Smith, Mr. W. E. H., Framingham Centre. Smith, Mrs. W. E., Somerville. Smith, Mrs. William L., Lexington. Smith, Mrs. William W., Jamaica Plain. Smith, Mrs. Winifred Sawyer, West Medford. Snelling, Mrs. Rodman P., Beverly Farms. Snow, Mr. Walter B., Falmouth. Snyder, Mrs. Frederick S., Winchester. Sondermann, Mrs. Henry L., Jamaica Plain. Sortwell, Mrs. A. F., Jr., Beverly Farms. Spain, Mrs. H. T., Rockport. Spalding, Miss Grace, South Braintree. Spalding, Mrs. William A., Chestnut Hill. Spaulding, Mrs. Henry P., Brookline. Sprague, Mr. Waldo C, Wollaston. Sprague, Mrs. William C, Lynn. Spring, Mr. Romney, Boston. Spring, Mrs. Romney, Boston. Stalford, Mr. John H., Bar Harbor, Me. Standish, Miss Elnora F., West Rox- bury. Stanley, Mrs. Delia C, Waban. Stearns, Mr. Charles N., Wilton, N. H. Stearns, Mrs. William B., Milton. Stebbins, Mrs. N. L., West Somerville. Stephens, Mrs. M. Gail, South Hamil- ton. Sterritt, Mr. Frederick D., Cambridge. Stevens, Mrs. George B., Gloucester. Stevens, Mrs. John O., Rockland, Me. Stevens, Miss Mabel G., Rockland. Stevenson, Mrs. Robert H., Jr., Boston. Stewart, Mrs. J. M., Andover. Sthen, Mr. Robert E., Woodfords, Me. Stimpson, Mr. Wallace I., Hopedale. Stitt, Mr. Albin, Norwood. Stone, Mr. Malcolm B., Readville. Storer, Miss Elizabeth, Wellesley. Storer, Mrs. Florence B., Needham. Stout, Mr. Joseph C, Swampscott. *Life Members 114 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Strong, Miss Julia H., Boston. Strong, Miss Mabel A., Boston. Strong, Mrs. T. M., Roslindale. Sullivan, Miss Esther H., Somerville. Sullivan, Miss Mary Abbie, Marblehead. Sumner, Mrs. C. P., Haverhill. Swain, Mrs. Jasper R., Wellesley Hills. Swan, Miss Elizabeth D., Cambridge. Swartzel, Mr. M. M., Howey, Fla. Sweeney, Miss Ellen F., East Milton. Sweetland, Mr. A. F., Stoneham. Swenson, Mrs. Ole S., Reading. Swift, Mr. George H., Boston. Tanner, Mr. William M., Cambridge. Taubert, Miss Elsa F., Roslindale. Taylor, Miss Elizabeth Y., Reading. Taylor, Mrs. J. H., Wollaston. Taylor, Miss Lila M., Reading. Taylor, Miss Millicent J., Cambridge. Temperley, Mr. Joseph, Newton Centre. Tenney, Mr. Charles W., Jr., Maiden. Terry, Mr. George S., Hingham. Terry, Mrs. Ruth K., Hingham. Thayer, Mr. Charles H., Ashland. Thayer, Mrs. John M., Worcester. Thomas, Mrs. Albert M., Dickerson, Md. Thommen, Mr. Gustave, Miami, Fla. Thompson, Prof. Charles Henry, Am- herst. Thompson, Mrs. Daniel V., Roxbury. Thompson, Mrs. George E., Waltham. Thompson, Miss Harriet E., Woodfords, Me. Thompson, Mr. Kenneth H., Revere. Thompson, Mrs. Willard, Melrose. Thomson, Mrs. Abby L., Andover. Threshie, Mrs. Nellie, Newton High- lands. *Thurber, Mrs. Anna E., Boston. Tidd, Miss Bertha M., Woburn. Tilden, Miss Irene Mann, Boston. Tirrell, Mrs. James A., Boston. Titus, Mrs. Hattie E., West Roxbury. Todd, Mrs. Albert Wilder, Cohasset. Todd, Miss Elizabeth P., Wollaston. Tomlinson, Mr. Irving C., Boston. Tomlinson, Mrs. Irving C, Boston. Totten, Mrs. J. W., Needham. Towne, Mr. Edward S., Holyoke. Trafford, Mrs. Bernard W., Readville. Trask, Miss Alice E., Peabody. Travers, Mrs. R. G. H., Kingston, Ontario. Treadway, Mrs. Helen F., Williams- town. Tripp, Miss Helen J., Boston. Tripp, Mrs. L. C, Plymouth. Tripp, Miss Ruth L., Central Falls, R. I. Trumbull, Mrs. Mary P., Weston. Tucker, Miss L. Frances, Swampscott. Tufts, Mr. Joseph A., Dedham. Turner, Mrs. Clyde A., Lowell. Turner, Mr. John F., Reading. Turner, Miss Miriam R., Bridgewater. Tuttle, Mrs. Morton Chase, Newton Centre. Tuttle, Mrs. Susan R., Reading. Twichell, Miss T. H., Brookline. Tyler, Miss Mary G., Brookline. Tyzzer, Mr. David, Hingham. Underhill, Mr. Edward M., Hyde Park. Underhill, Mrs. S. S., Boston. Upham, Miss Anna M., Weston. Upton, Mrs. Eugene C, Maiden. Valpey, Miss J. E., Lynn. Van de Car, Mr. Nathan, Syracuse, N. Y. Van Horn, Mrs. F. Cortland, Medfield. Van Olinda, Mr. William K., Plainfield, N. J. Vaughan, Mrs. John, Belmont. Verges, Mr. E. M., Brookline. Ver Planck, Mr. Edward D., Brookline. Ver Planck, Mrs. Edward D., Brook- line. Viera, Miss Georgia, Melrose. Viles, Mr. Edgar F., Concord. Virgin, Miss Elsie H. A., Waltham. Waite, Miss Florence L., New Bedford. Waite, Mrs. Frederick, Bridgewater. Waite, Mrs. Gertrude A., Medford. Walen, Mrs. E. D„ Andover. Walker, Mr. Charles O., Mittineague. Walker, Mrs. Esther M., East Lynn. Walker, Dr. Irving J., Boston. Walker, Mrs. John S., Braintree. Walker, Miss Juanita M., Salem. Walker, Miss Marion, Cambridge. Walker, Mrs. W. D., Andover. Wallace, Mrs. Charles F., Chestnut Hill. Wallace, Mrs. Sarah, Wrentham . Walsh, Miss Elizabeth, Newburyport. Ward, Mrs. Charles W., Andover. Ward, Mr. Ralph W., Beverly. Ward, Mrs. Sherman B., Newton Cen- tre. Wardwell, Mr. Percival H., Stoneham. Waring, Mrs. James H., Fall River. Warren, Miss Lucia C, Chestnut Hill. Washburn, Mrs. Maurice K., East Greenwich, R. I. Wason, Mr. Leonard C, Brookline. Waterman, Mrs. G. A., Boston. Watson, Miss Agnes E., Melrose High- lands. Watters, Miss Collotta V., Attleboro Falls. Way, Mr. Archie A., Melrose. Weaver, Miss Dorman H., Brookline. Webb, Mr. John, Lynn. Webber, Mr. A. C, Newton. Webber, Mr. Horace I., Littleton. Weber, Mrs. David, Wrentham. Webster, Dr. Karl S., Orleans, Vt. *Life Members. NEW MEMBERS IN 1928 115 Webster, Mrs. Mary E., Maiden. Weed, Mr. George M., Concord. Welch, Mrs. George 0., Stoughton. Wellington, Mrs. 0. O., Belmont. Wellman, Mrs. Gordon B., Wellesley. Wells, Mrs. Harry, Longmeadow. Wendell, Mrs. 0. B., Belmont. Wendell, Mrs. John W., Dedham. Wentworth, Miss Florence A., Walpole. West, Mrs. Alonzo A., Maiden. West, Mr. George S., Boston. West, Mr. Nelson W., Deerfield. Weston, Mr. Harold L., Reading. Weston, Miss Maria, Duxbury. Wetherbee, Mrs. John, Abington, Conn. Wetherbee, Mrs. Kenneth, Worcester. Wetherell, Mr. Lawrence H., Brookline. Wheeler, Mrs. Clarence A., Belmont. Wheeler, Miss Margaret, Wayland. Wheelock, Mr. Howard M., Braintree. Whitcomb, Miss Eleanor E., Allston. White, Mrs. Frank 0., Melrose. White, Miss Hattie M., Melrose High- lands. White, Mrs. William Frye, Medford. White, Mr. W. T. S., Brookline. Whiting, Mrs. Frederic J., Boston. Whiting, Mr. John K., Brookline. Whiting, Miss Margaret C, Deerfield. Whitman, Mr. Alfred F., Cambridge. Whitman, Mr. Edmund A., Cambridge. Whitney, Mrs. Ellen S., Hyde Park. Whitney, Mrs. Watson H., Lynn. Whittemore, Mrs. E. H., Fitchburg. Wiggin, Mrs. Burton H., Lowell. Wigglund, Mrs. Simond, Dorchester. Wilcox, Miss M. M., Grove Hall. Wilder, Mrs. Edward F., Hingham. Wildes, Mrs. Llewellyn, Roxbury. Wilkins, Mrs. S. Herbert, Salem. Willey, Mrs. Charles P., Bridgewater. Willey, Mrs. Gladys Moore, Everett. Williams, Miss Beatrice L., Cambridge. Williams, Mrs. Horace N., Providence, R. I. Williams, Mr. Phillips A., Holliston. Williams, Mrs. Theodore C, Boston. Williams, Mr. Wendell, Milford. Wilson, Mr. Charles H., Quincy. Wilson, Miss Edith H., Thomaston, Me. Winn, Miss N. L., Arlington. Winship, Mrs. Georgia T., Lynn. Winsock, Mr. J. A., Newport, R. I. Winsor, Mrs. Allan P., Brookline. Winsor, Mrs. Elizabeth Hope, Weston. Wit, Mr. Maxwell D., Centre Newton. Wolfson, Mr. Alfred M., Jamaica Plain. Wood, Mrs. A. G., Boston. Wood, Mr. Arthur O., Cohasset. Wood, Mrs. Edmund, New Bedford. Wood, Mrs. Leland D., Hudson. Woodbury, Mrs. Arthur A., South Lin- coln. Woodworth, Mrs. Laura G., Boston. Worthington, Mrs. Edward G., Chest- nut Hill. Wright, Mrs. A. E., Fayville. Wright, Mrs. Frank H., Hingham. Wright, Mrs. H. W., Topsfield. Wright, Mrs. W. P., Lexington. Wulsin, Mrs. Frederick R., Cambridge. Wyman, Mr. Donald D., North Abing- ton. Yale, Mrs. John B., Sparkell, N. Y. Young, Mrs. Frank L., South Lincoln. Zack, Mr. H. J., Deep River, Conn.